Microbiology in Action

Front Cover
Cambridge University Press, Jun 28, 1999 - Medical - 290 pages
2 Reviews
Microbes play an important role in our everyday lives. As agents of infectious disease, they cause untold human misery, yet their beneficial activities are manifold, ranging from the natural cycling of chemical elements to the production of food and pharmaceuticals. In this introductory text, the authors provide a clear and accessible account of the interactions among microbes, their environments, and other organisms, citing examples of both beneficial and detrimental activities. The book begins by considering positive activities, focusing on environmental microbiology and manufacturing, and then moves on to consider some of the more adverse aspects of microbes, particularly the myriad diseases to which we are susceptible and the treatments currently in use. Microbiology in Action will prove to be a valuable text for those studying microbiology.
  

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Contents

The microbiology of soil and of nutrient cycling
1
12 How are microbes involved in nutrient cycling?
6
121 How is carbon cycled?
8
123 How is sulphur cycled?
13
Plantmicrobe interactions
16
22 What symbioses do cyanobacteria form?
19
23 What symbioses do other nitrogenfixing bacteria form?
21
24 From what infections do plants suffer?
22
734 Nonspecific urethritis and other bacterial infections
158
735 Candidosis thrush
160
737 Genital herpes infections
161
739 Pubic lice and scabies
162
741 What causes meningitis?
163
742 What causes encephalitis?
169
743 What is rabies?
171
744 What is progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy?
172

241 What plant diseases are caused by fungi?
23
242 What plant diseases are caused by bacteria?
28
243 What plant diseases are caused by viruses?
29
25 How are microbes used to control agricultural pests?
32
The microbiology of drinking water
36
312 Enteric fever
38
313 Bacilliary dysentery
39
314 Waterborne campylobacter infections
40
315 Waterborne virus infections
41
316 Waterborne protozoal diseases
42
32 How is water examined to ensure that it is safe to drink?
44
33 How is water purified to ensure that it is safe to drink?
47
34 How is sewage treated to make it safe?
50
Microbial products
54
41 How did microbes contribute to the First World War effort?
55
42 What role do microbes play in the oil industry and in mining?
56
43 How are microbial enzymes exploited?
61
44 How do microbes help in the diagnosis of disease and related applications?
63
45 How do microbes contribute to the pharmaceutical industry?
66
46 How do microbes contribute to food technology?
70
Food microbiology
73
53 How are microbes involved in bread and alcohol production?
76
54 How are fermented vegetables and meats produced?
79
542 Dill pickles
80
543 Other fermented vegetable products
81
546 Fermented dairy products
82
55 What role do microbes have in food spoilage and preservation?
86
552 How can food be preserved?
88
56 What causes food poisoning?
95
561 Chemical contamination of food
96
562 Food poisoning associated with consumption of animal tissues
97
563 Food poisoning associated with the consumption of plant material
98
564 What are foodborne infections?
99
565 What is bacterial food poisoning?
101
567 What food poisoning is associated with bacterial infection?
106
568 What is the role of fungal toxins in food poisoning?
113
569 What viruses cause foodborne illness?
116
5610 What are the predisposing factors in food poisoning incidents?
117
The human commensal flora
119
62 What constitutes the commensal flora of the human skin?
121
63 What constitutes the commensal flora of the human alimentary tract?
122
64 What constitutes the commensal flora of the human upper respiratory tract?
124
65 What constitutes the commensal flora of the human genital tract?
125
67 What factors affect the human commensal flora?
127
68 Do viruses form part of the human commensal flora?
128
Microbial infections
130
72 What are urinary tract infections?
139
721 What causes urinary tract infections?
140
722 What are the symptoms of urinary tract infections?
143
73 What causes sexually transmissible diseases?
146
731 Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome AIDS
148
732 Syphilis
152
733 Gonorrhoea
156
746 What are transmissible spongiform encephalopathies?
174
747 What causes brain abscesses?
176
75 What causes infections of the circulatory system?
177
751 A problem with terminology
178
753 What causes septicaemia?
180
755 How is septicaemia diagnosed in the diagnostic microbiology laboratory?
183
756 What is endocarditis and how does it develop?
185
76 What causes oral cavity and respiratory infections?
187
763 What is periodontal disease?
189
765 What is oral thrush?
190
768 What causes sore throats and glandular fever?
191
769 What causes tonsillitis?
192
7610 What is mumps?
193
7611 What is diphtheria?
194
7612 What is acute epiglottitis?
195
7613 What causes middle ear infections?
196
7614 What are lower respiratory tract infections?
197
7617 What is Legionnaires disease?
201
7618 What is tuberculosis?
202
7619 What causes whooping cough?
204
7620 What is aspergillosis?
205
77 What causes gastrointestinal infections?
206
773 What viruses are associated with gastroenteritis?
209
774 What causes hepatitis?
210
775 What is peritonitis?
212
78 What causes infections of skin bone and soft tissues?
213
782 What viruses cause skin lesions?
219
783 What causes eye infections?
221
784 What animalassociated pathogens cause soft tissue infections?
222
785 What infections affect bone and joints?
226
79 What causes perinatal infections?
227
710 What infections do fungi cause?
230
7101 How are mycoses diagnosed in the laboratory?
234
711 How do we recognise clinically important bacteria?
237
7111 Grampositive cocci
240
7112 Grampositive bacilli
243
7113 Mycobacteria
245
Chemotherapy and antibiotic resistance
249
81 What inhibits bacterial cell wall synthesis?
251
813 Bacitracin
252
816 Isoniazid
254
832 Quinolones
255
85 Which antibacterial agents are inhibitors of protein synthesis?
256
854 Macrolides
257
856 Mupirocin
258
862 Azoles
259
864 Flucytosine
260
871 Aciclovir and ganciclovir
261
873 Ribavirin
262
Further reading
267
Glossary
269
Index
281
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About the author (1999)

John Heritage is Professor of Sociology at the University of California, Los Angeles.