CHINA

Front Cover
Harvard University Press, 2006 - History - 560 pages
18 Reviews

John King Fairbank was the West's doyen on China, and this book is the full and final expression of his lifelong engagement with this vast ancient civilization. It remains a masterwork without parallel. The distinguished historian Merle Goldman brings the book up to date, covering reforms in the post-Mao period through the early years of the twenty-first century, including the leadership of Hu Jintao. She also provides an epilogue discussing the changes in contemporary China that will shape the nation in the years to come.

  

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Review: China: A New History

User Review  - Matt - Goodreads

About as good of an overview of China's "5000 year history" as you're going to get in 500 pages. Just be aware that it reads like a textbook with an overwhelming barrage of names and dates, although ... Read full review

Review: China: A New History

User Review  - James Violand - Goodreads

Quintessential book of the history of the Chinese people and culture. Written without the prejudice born during the Red Scare. Factual and seemingly unbiased. Wonderful read. Read full review

Contents

Approaches to Understanding Chinas History
1
The Contrast of North and South
4
Humankind in Nature
14
Family and Lineage
17
The Steppe and the Sown
23
Rise and Decline of the Imperial Autocracy
27
Origins The Discoveries of Archaeology
29
Neolithic China
31
Suppressing Rebellion by Militarization
236
Elite Activism in the Public Sphere
238
The Japanese Influence
240
The Qing Reform Effort
241
Constitutionalism and SelfGovernment
244
Insoluble Systemic Problems
247
The Revolution of 1911 and Yuan Shikais Dictatorship
250
The Republic of China 19121949
255

Excavation of Shang and Xia
33
The Rise of Central Authority
37
Western Zhou
39
Implications of the New Archaeological Record
40
The First Unification Imperial Confucianism
46
Princes and Philosophers
49
The Confucian Code
51
Daoism
53
Unification by Qin
54
Consolidation and Expansion under the Han
57
Imperial Confucianism
62
Correlative Cosmology
64
Emperor and Scholars
66
Reunification in the Buddhist Age
72
The Buddhist Teaching
73
SuiTang Reunification
76
Buddhism and the State
79
Decline of the Tang Dynasty
81
The TangSong Transition
83
Chinas Greatest Age Northern and Southern Song
88
Education and the Examination System
93
The Creation of NeoConfucianism
96
Formation of Gentry Society
101
The Paradox of Song China and Inner Asia
108
The Rise of NonChinese Rule over China
112
China in the Mongol Empire
119
Interpreting the Song Era
126
Government in the Ming Dynasty
128
Fiscal Problems
132
China Turns Inward
137
Factional Politics
140
The Qing Success Story
143
Institutional Adaptation
146
The Jesuit Interlude
151
Growth of Qing Control in Inner Asia
152
The Attempted Integration of Polity and Culture
154
Late Imperial China 16001911
163
The Paradox of Growth without Development
167
Diminishing Returns of Farm Labor
170
The Subjection of Women
173
Domestic Trade and Commercial Organization
176
MerchantOfficial Symbiosis
179
Limitations of the Law
183
Frontier Unrest and the Opening of China
187
The White Lotus Rebellion 17961804
189
Origins of the Overseas Chinese
191
European Trading Companies and the Canton Trade
195
Rebellion on the Turkestan Frontier 18261835
197
Opium and the Struggle for a New Order at Guangzhou 18341842
198
Inauguration of the Treaty Century after 1842
201
Rebellion and Restoration
206
Civil War
209
The Qing Restoration of the 1860s
212
Suppression of Other Rebellions
214
Early Modernization and the Decline of Qing Power
217
The ChristianConfucian Struggle
221
The Reform Movement
224
The Boxer Rising 18981901
230
Demoralization
232
The Republican Revolution 19011916
235
The Quest for a Chinese Civil Society
257
The Limits of Christian Reformism
260
The Tardy Rise of a Political Press
262
Academic Development
263
The New Culture Movement
266
The May Fourth Movement
267
Rise of the Chinese Bourgeoisie
269
Origins of the Chinese Communist Party
275
The Nationalist Revolution and the Nanjing Government
279
The Accession to Power of Jiang Jieshi Chiang Kaishek
283
The Nature of the Nanjing Government
286
Systemic Weaknesses
289
The Second Coming of the Chinese Communist Party
294
Rural Reconstruction
299
The Rise of Mao Zedong
301
The Long March 19341935
305
The Role of Zhou Enlai
307
The Second United Front
310
Chinas War of Resistance 19371945
312
Maos Sinification of Marxism
316
Mao Zedong Thought
321
The Rectification Campaign of 19421944
323
American Support of Coalition Government
326
The Civil War and the Nationalists on Taiwan
331
Nationalist Attack and Communist Counterattack
334
Taiwan as a Japanese Colony
337
Taiwan as the Republic of China
339
The Peoples Republic of China
343
Establishing Control of State and Countryside
345
Collectivizing Agriculture
352
Collective Agriculture in Practice
354
Beginning Industrialization
357
Education and the Intellectuals
359
The AntiRightist Campaign 19571958
365
The Great Leap Forward 19581960
368
The Disaster of 19591960
372
Seizing Control of Industrial Labor
374
Party Rectification and Education
376
The SinoSoviet Split
378
The Great Leap Forward as a Social Movement
380
The Cultural Revolution 19661976
383
Maos Aims and Resources
385
Role of the Peoples Liberation Army
387
How the Cultural Revolution Unfolded
389
The Red Guards
392
The Seizure of Power
393
Foreign Affairs
395
Decentralization and the Third Front
397
The Succession Struggle
400
The Cultural Revolution in Retrospect
401
Aftermath
404
The PostMao Reform Era
406
China at the Start of the Twentyfirst Century
457
Note on Romanization and Citation
472
Suggested Reading
473
Publishers Note
529
Illustration Credits
531
Author Index
535
General Index
545
Copyright

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About the author (2006)

John King Fairbank was Francis Lee Higginson Professor of History and Director of the East Asian Research Center at Harvard University.

Merle Goldman is Professor of History, Emerita, at Boston University and Associate of the John K. Fairbank Center for East Asian Research, Harvard University.

Bibliographic information