Ideas of Slavery from Aristotle to Augustine
This study, unique of its kind, asks how slavery was viewed by the leading spokesmen of Greece and Rome. There was no movement for abolition in these societies, or a vigorous debate, such as occurred in antebellum America, but this does not imply that slavery was accepted without question. This book draws on a wide range of sources, pagan, Jewish and Christian, over ten centuries, to challenge the common assumption of passive acquiescence in slavery, and the associated view that, Aristotle apart, there was no systematic thought on slavery. The work contains both a typology of attitudes to slavery ranging from critiques to justifications, and paired case studies of leading theorists of slavery, Aristotle and the Stoics, Philo and Paul, Ambrose and Augustine.
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ATTITUDES TO SLAVERY
Justifications of slavery
Slave systems criticized
Slavery as metaphor
Ambrose ancient animals antiquity argument Aristotelian Aristotle Aristotle's Athenaeus Athenian Augustine Augustine's bad slaves barbarians bishop body brothers Canaan century BC Christ Christian Chrysippus Church Cicero citizens common context CSEL Diogenes Diogenes Laertius discussion distinction divine emperor enslavement Epictetus Epistulae Esau Esau's Ethics existence father follows freedom God's Greek Gregory household human inferiors institution interest Jacob Jewish Jews John Chrysostom judgement justice kind Lactantius legal slavery living Lord manumission Mariandyni master and slave master/slave relationship ment metaphor mind moral slavery natural slave natural slave theory Nicomachean Ethics obedience Old Testament origin passage Paul Paul's Pauline Philo philosophical Plato polis Politics Posidonius punishment Roman rule Seneca Sermon servants serve slave-owning social society sons soul spirit status Stobaeus Stoic Stoic doctrine Stoicism Theodoret things tion treated treatise treatment Ulpian unjust virtue wise writes Zeno
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