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6th Inf affixed their seals aforesaid America annuity Auguste Chouteau band Benjamin O'Fallon boundary line Capt Cherokee nation chiefs and head chiefs and warriors Chippewa citizens claim contracting parties Creek nation Delaware delivered Fox tribes further agree granted hereby cede hereunto set Indian Agent Indian names Indiana Territory Interpreter Ioway James John Jonathan Jennings Joseph Lake lands ceded Lewis Cass Lieut Little Osage Lord one thousand mark and seal Miami Miami tribe miles square Mississippi Missouri mouth names are subjoined nation of Indians Ninian Edwards Osage nation paid peace and friendship persons Piankeshaws Proclamation ratified relinquish Sacs and Foxes section of land Seneca set their hands stipulated subjoined a mark Tennessee river territory testimony whereof thence thereof thousand dollars thousand eight hundred tract of land treaty tribe of Indians tribe or nation undersigned chiefs United United States agree Wabash river William Clark Wyandot
Page 9 - The constitution, by declaring treaties already made, as well as those to be made, to be the supreme law of the land, has adopted and sanctioned the previous treaties with the Indian nations, and, consequently, admits their rank among those powers who are capable of making treaties. The words " treaty " and
Page 9 - The Indian nations had always been considered as distinct, independent political communities, retaining their original natural rights, as the undisputed possessors of the soil, from time immemorial; with the single exception of that imposed by irresistible power, which excluded them from intercourse with any other European potentate, than the first discoverer of the coast of the particular region claimed : and this was a restriction which those European potentates imposed on themselves, as well as...
Page 6 - Army, shall be considered as a common fund for the use and benefit of such of the United States as have become, or shall become members of the confederation or federal alliance of the said States, Virginia inclusive...
Page 25 - For the benefit and comfort of the Indians, and for the prevention of injuries or oppressions on the part of the citizens or Indians, the United States in Congress assembled shall have the sole and exclusive right of regulating the trade with the Indians, and managing all their affairs in such manner as they think proper.
Page 7 - The validity of the titles given by either has never been questioned in our courts. It has been exercised uniformly over territory in possession of the Indians. The existence of this power must negative the existence of any right which may conflict with, and control it. An absolute title to lands cannot exist, at the same time, in different persons, or in different governments. An absolute, must be an exclusive title, or at least a title which excludes all others not compatible with it. All our institutions...
Page 525 - President of the United States of America, do, in pursuance of the advice and consent of the Senate, as •expressed in...
Page 2 - While the different nations of Europe respected the right of the natives, as occupants, they asserted the ultimate dominion to be in themselves; and claimed and exercised, as a consequence of this ultimate dominion, a power to grant the soil, while yet in possession of the natives. These grants have been understood by all to convey a title to the grantees, subject only to the Indian right of occupancy.
Page 9 - The term foreign nation is, with strict propriety, applicable by either to the other. But the relation of the Indians to the United States is marked by peculiar and cardinal distinctions which exist no where else.
Page 46 - April, 1792, making in the whole, $4,500 which shall be expended yearly forever in purchasing clothing, domestic animals, implements of husbandry, and other utensils suited to their circumstances, and in compensating useful artificers, who shall reside with or near them, and be employed for their benefit...