Hesiod, The Homeric Hymns, and Homerica (Google eBook)

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Digireads.com Publishing, Jan 1, 2004 - History
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"Hesiod, The Homeric Hymns, and Homerica" is a collection of ancient Greek writings that are attributed to Hesiod, Homer, and others whose style emulates the two. This volume translated by Hugh G. Evelyn-White includes the following works: Works and Days, The Divination by Birds, The Astronomy, The Precepts of Chiron, The Great Works, The Idaean Dactyls, The Theogony, The Catalogues of Women and the Eoiae, The Shield of Heracles, The Marriage of Ceyx, The Great Eoiae, The Melampodia, The Aegimius, Fragments of Unknown Position, and Doubtful Fragments, The Homeric Hymns, The Epigrams Of Homer, The War of the Titans, The Story of Oedipus, The Thebais, The Epigoni, The Cypria, The Aethiopis, The Little Illiad, The Sack of Illium, The Returns, The Telegony, The Expedition of AmphiaraŁs, The taking of Oechalia, The Phocais, The Margites, The Cercopes, The Battle of the Frogs and Mice, and The Contest Of Homer And Hesiod.
  

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Contents

I
5
III
20
IV
27
V
95
VI
133
VII
137
VIII
152
IX
159
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About the author (2004)

The poet Hesiod tells us that his father gave up sea-trading and moved from Ascra to Boeotia, that as he himself tended sheep on Mount Helicon the Muses commanded him to sing of the gods, and that he won a tripod for a funeral song at Chalcis. The poems credited to him with certainty are: the Theogony, an attempt to bring order into the otherwise chaotic material of Greek mythology through genealogies and anecdotes about the gods; and The Works and Days, a wise sermon addressed to his brother Perses as a result of a dispute over their dead father's estate. This latter work presents the injustice of the world with mythological examples and memorable images, and concludes with a collection of folk wisdom. Uncertain attributions are the Shield of Heracles and the Catalogue of Women. Hesiod is a didactic and individualistic poet who is often compared and contrasted with Homer, as both are representative of early epic style. "Hesiod is earth-bound and dun colored; indeed part of his purpose is to discredit the brilliance and the ideals of heroism glorified in the homeric tradition. But Hesiod, too, is poetry, though of a different order. . . " (Moses Hadas, N.Y. Times).

Homer is the author of The Iliad and The Odyssey, the two greatest Greek epic poems. Nothing is known about Homer personally; it is not even known for certain whether there is only one true author of these two works. Homer is thought to have been an Ionian from the 9th or 8th century B.C. While historians argue over the man, his impact on literature, history, and philosophy is so significant as to be almost immeasurable. The Iliad relates the tale of the Trojan War, about the war between Greece and Troy, brought about by the kidnapping of the beautiful Greek princess, Helen, by Paris. It tells of the exploits of such legendary figures as Achilles, Ajax, and Odysseus. The Odyssey recounts the subsequent return of the Greek hero Odysseus after the defeat of the Trojans. On his return trip, Odysseus braves such terrors as the Cyclops, a one-eyed monster; the Sirens, beautiful temptresses; and Scylla and Charybdis, a deadly rock and whirlpool. Waiting for him at home is his wife who has remained faithful during his years in the war. Both the Iliad and the Odyssey have had numerous adaptations, including several film versions of each.

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