Secret affairs: Franklin Roosevelt, Cordell Hull, and Sumner Welles
The president was paralyzed from the waist down, but concealed the extent of his disability from a public that was never permitted to see him in a wheelchair. The secretary of state was old and frail, debilitated by a highly contagious and usually fatal disease that was as closely guarded a state secret as his wife's Jewish ancestry. The under secretary was a pompous and aloof man who married three times but, when intoxicated, preferred sex with railroad porters, shoeshine boys, and cabdrivers. These three legendary figures--Franklin Roosevelt, Cordell Hull, and Sumner Welles--not only concealed such secrets for more than a decade but did so while directing U.S. foreign policy during some of the most perilous events in the nation's history. In Secret Affairs Irwin Gellman brings to light startling new information about the intrigues, deceptions, and behind-the-scenes power struggles that influenced America's role in World War II and left their mark on world events--for good or ill--in the half-century that followed. The product of twenty years' research, Secret Affairs contains a wealth of new material, fresh interpretation, and often disturbing revelations. Gellman has gained unprecedented access to previously unavailable documents, including Hull's confidential medical records, unpublished manuscripts of Drew Pearson and R. Walton Moore, and Sumner Welles's FBI file. He examines the supposed contradiction between Hull's reluctance to condemn German antisemitism and his marriage to a woman of Jewish descent. And he reinterprets key State Department memos in the light of what is now known about the men who wrote them. Gellman concludes that while Roosevelt, Hull, and Welles usually agreed onforeign policy matters, the events that molded each man's character remained a mystery to the others. Their failure to cope with their secret affairs--to subordinate their personal concerns to the higher good of the nation--eventually destroyed much of what they hoped would be their legacy. Roosevelt never explained his objectives to Vice President Harry Truman or anyone else. Hull never groomed a successor, and Welles kept his foreign assignations as classified as his sexual orientation. Expertly researched and splendidly narrated, Secret Affairs tells the dramatic story of how three remarkable Americans--despite private demons and bitter animosities--could work together to lead their nation to victory against fascism.
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Welles in Cuba
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Acheson administration Allies ambassador Argentine assistant secretary attack Berle and Jacobs British Bullitt campaign Castle diary Churchill conference Cordell Hull Cuban Davis decisions declared delegation Democratic Dodd Drew Pearson Eleanor Europe European Farley Papers foreign affairs foreign policy Foreign Relations foreign service Frances Franklin Franklin Roosevelt Gellman Papers German Harry Hopkins hemispheric Hiram Johnson Hitler homosexuality Hoover Hopkins Hull Papers Hull's Hyde Park Ibid Ickes inter-American James Farley James Farley Story Japanese Jews July June Latin American Memoirs Memorandum on Hull military mission Moffat Papers Montevideo Moore Morgenthau Navigating the Rapids Nazi Neighbor Diplomacy neighbor policy never peace Pearson Papers Phillips political postwar president presidential refused resignation Roosevelt Library secretary's Senate Sept Soviet Soviet Union Stalin Stettinius Sumner talked Third Reich tion trade U.S. Department United Washington Merry-Go-Round Welles's White House York