Birth to Death: Science and Bioethics

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David C. Thomasma, Thomasine Kushner
Cambridge University Press, Jul 13, 1996 - Business & Economics - 382 pages
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The explosive growth of science and medicine in recent times has raised a host of ethical issues. This book reviews major advances in biology and medicine and explores their ethical implications. Organized by stage of human life--from birth to death--it guides the reader through the critical issues that face our technologically advanced society. Each section contains a sketch of the scientific research in a particular field and then discusses the issues that challenge our ethical and moral principles, social frameworks, and public policies. A world-class group of contributors from biology, medicine, technology, and ethics probe controversial topics such as genetic research, transplantation, reproductive technologies, prolonging life and euthanasia, and research on animals and humans. The essays are concise, to the point, and deliberately free of jargon, and the entire work is framed by an introduction and postscript that point the way to the major questions. This book is the perfect introduction for novice readers with general or specific questions about the ethical issues raised by the rapid advance of science and technology. David Thomasma has written many books on medical ethics including For the Patient's Good and Euthanasia: Toward an Ethical Social Policy. He and Thomasine Kushner are the editors of the journal Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics.
  

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Contents

List of contributors xiii
1
X
8
Bioethics The genetic revolution
13
Some legal and ethical questions
21
REPRODUCTIVE TECHNOLOGIES
35
Reproduction abortion and rights
58
Bioethics Medical technology and the child
79
On caring for children
85
Science Modern technology and the care of the dying 191
191
From an ethics perspective i8
198
EUTHANASIA AND PHYSICIANASSISTED
207
Progress or peril? 2i8
218
Doctors should be permitted to give death a helping hand 247
247
HUMANS AS RESEARCH SUBJECTS
259
Bioethics Research involving children as subjects 270
270
USING ANIMALS IN RESEARCH
301

TRANSPLANTATION
99
Bioethics Transplantation and ethics io6
106
AGING
142
A moral challenge i54
154
PROLONGING LIFEDEATH
163
Ethical issues 169
169
Medicines rampant technology i77
177
Medical experimentation animal rights
313
Animal rights and social practices 324
325
Science The science of the environment 339
339
Bioethics Environmental ethics 348
348
POSTSCRIPT 369
369
Index 377
377
Copyright

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About the author (1996)

Edmund D. Pellegrino, M.D., is John Carroll Professor of Medicine and Medical Ethics at Georgetown University. David C. Thomasma, Ph.D., is director of the Medical Humanities Program at Loyola University of Chicago.

Thomasine Kushner is a bioethicist at the California Pacific Medical Center Program in Medicine and Human Values. Co-editor of the Cambridge Quarterly for Healthcare Ethics, she is author (with David Thomasma) of Birth to Death: Science and Bioethics, Asking to Die: Inside the Dutch Debate about Euthanasia, and Ward Ethics: A Case Book for Doctors-in-Training.

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