The Intra-Asian Trade in Japanese Copper by the Dutch East India Company During the Eighteenth Century
In this definitive study of the intra-Asian trade in Japanese copper trade by the Dutch East India Company, the author argues that the trade in this commodity reaped high profits. Despite the huge imports of British copper by the English East India Company during the eighteenth century, the Dutch Company successfully continued to sell Japanese copper in South Asia at higher prices. Compared to the capital-intensive development of British mines in the age of the Industrial Revolution, the copper production in Tokugawa Japan was characterized by a labour-intensive 'revolution' which also made a big impact on the local economy.
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The setting of the scene
Profits of the VOC from the Japanese copper trade
Japanese copper production and exports
European copper production in a changing world
General view of the demand side
Demand for copper in Coromandel and Bengal
The economics of the Japanese copper trade
annual Asian Asian economy Batavia Bengal Besshi Bo¯eki British copper cent Ceylon Chapter China Chinese junks Chinese merchants commodities Company’s copper doit coins copper from Japan copper price copper production copper sold copper-mines Coromandel cotton textiles decades decline Deshima Deshima Diaries Marginalia domestic Dutch Company Dutch doit Dutch East India Dutch pounds Dutch Republic Early Modern Japan East India Company eigh Europe European copper export trade Figure Fourth Anglo-Dutch War Glamann Government in Batavia gross profit guilders Gujarat Hanazono University High Government Hooghly import intra-Asian trade Japan Japanese authorities Japanese copper trade Java Kenkyu Kinsei Leonard Blussé Malabar Malacca Masulipatam mines minting Nagappattinam Nagasaki Nihon Oranda Osaka piculs profit per unit records Sakoku sappanwood Semarang seventeenth century ships silver small denomination currency South Asia South-East Asia teenth century Tokyo tons trade in Japanese trend Verenigde Oostindische Compagnie Yasuko Suzuki