Lincolnites and rebels: a divided town in the American Civil War
At the start of the Civil War, Knoxville, Tennessee, with a population of just over 4,000, was considered a prosperous metropolis little reliant on slavery. Although the surrounding countryside was predominantly Unionist in sympathy, Knoxville itself was split down the middle, with Union and Confederate supporters even holding simultaneous political rallies at opposite ends of the town's main street. Following Tennessee's secession, Knoxville soon became famous (or infamous) as a stronghold of stalwart Unionism, thanks to the efforts of a small cadre who persisted in openly denouncing the Confederacy. Throughout the course of the Civil War, Knoxville endured military occupation for all but three days, hosting Confederate troops during the first half of the conflict and Union forces throughout the remainder, with the transition punctuated by an extended siege and bloody battle during which nearly forty thousand soldiers fought over the town.
In Lincolnites and Rebels, Robert Tracy McKenzie tells the story of Civil War Knoxville-a perpetually occupied, bitterly divided Southern town where neighbor fought against neighbor. Mining a treasure-trove of manuscript collections and civil and military records, McKenzie reveals the complex ways in which allegiance altered the daily routine of a town gripped in a civil war within the Civil War and explores the agonizing personal decisions that war made inescapable. Following the course of events leading up to the war, occupation by Confederate and then Union soldiers, and the troubled peace that followed the war, Lincolnites and Rebels details in microcosm the conflict and paints a complex portrait of a border state, neither wholly North nor South.
Finalist, Jefferson Davis Award, Museum of the Confederacy
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The Metropolis of East Tennessee
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Abraham Lincoln Andrew Johnson Appalachian April Archives August Baxter Bragg Burnside Burnside's Civil civilians claimed commander Confederacy Confederate Constitutional County Public Library Crozier Deaderick December declared Democrats District East Tennessee editor election entry February Federal Georgia Heiskell Horace Maynard households J. G. M. Ramsey James Longstreet January Johnson Papers June Knox County Public Knoxville Register Knoxville Whig Knoxville's Library of Congress Loyal Mountaineers loyalists loyalty Mabry March Maynard Papers McAdoo Diary McClung Historical Collection military NARA Nashville Nelson nessee northern November October officer Oliver Temple Parson Brownlow party percent political president Provost Marshal railroad Records region Republican secession secessionists September 1863 slavery slaves South southern Special Collections Tennesseans Tennessee Libraries Tennessee's Thomas A. R. Nelson town town's townspeople troops Union army Union soldiers Unionists University of Tennessee University Press Violent Rebel vote W. G. Brownlow William G William Gannaway Brownlow William McAdoo Yankee York Zollicoffer