Catalogue of the Engraved Gems and Finger Rings: Roman

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Archaeopress, 2004 - Social Science - 165 pages
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This volume catalogues and illustrates 860 engraved gems and finger-rings in the Ashmolean Museum, with the aim of demonstrating how the collection developed over the last 150 years or more and to identify, wherever possible the source and provenance of the items. The catalogue or inventory is preceded by a discussion of the collection, including its most distinguished piece, the beautiful `Felix Gem' which can be followed through collection inventories since the 15th century. The gems are presented according to their decorative theme, including dieites and emperors, scenes from daily life, animals and birds, heroes, beasts and monsters, astrological and religious symbols and subjects, and inscriptions. Each section begins with an introductory discussion.

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Contents

Preface
1
Index of Owners Donors and Collectors
13
Role of Engraved Gems in the Roman Period and Beyond
22
Gods
29
Goddesses
41
Followers of Deities and Muses
47
Personifications
58
Portraits and Figure Studies
66
Scenes from Daily Life
76
Theatrical Subjects
84
Astrological Symbols
119
Jewish and Christian Subjects
128
Bibliography
135
Index of Gemstones
141
Concordance
161
Copyright

About the author (2004)

Former Director, Ashmolean Museum, Oxford 1985-97; Professor of the Art of the Netherlands, University of Oxford 1991-7