This book is a descriptive account of English as it is used in India. Indian English is a second language to most of its speakers. In its 400-year history it has acquired its own character, yet still looks to native varieties of English for norms. The complex nature of Indian English, which is not really a monolithic entity, is discussed in this book. The book also makes a distinction between what are considered to be standard and non-standard varieties, and provides an overview of the salient features. Indian English includes: * A discussion of the sociolinguistic and cultural factors* The history of the establishment of English in India, bringing it up to modern times* A description of the linguistic aspects: phonetics and phonology, lexical, discourse and morphosyntactic features* Samples of written English from a range of contexts* Samples of speech* An annotated bibliography divided according to topic.
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acceptable in standard American Anglicists articulated aspects aspirated Babu Bengali Bhatt Bombay British Calcutta century chapter code-switching common compounds consonants contexts cultural Dísouza deﬁned deﬁnitely Delhi diﬀerent diﬃcult discourse ditransitive verb Dravidian Dravidian language East India Company English education English in India example features of IE ﬁgures ﬁlms ﬁnd ﬁrst ﬁve forms grammar guage Hindi Hindustani identiﬁed Indian English Indian ﬁlms Indian languages Indian words Indo-Aryan language inﬂuence intonation letter lexis linguistic long vowel Madras Malayalam Marathi meaning native varieties non-rhotic non-standard IE notes noun phrase oﬀ oﬃcial language oneís pan-Indian Parasher phonology Portuguese preference proﬁciency pronunciation retroﬂex rhotic samples Sanskrit schools seen sentence SIEP signiﬁcant sounds South Asian South Asian English speakers speciﬁc speech spelling standard IE standard variety structures syllable syntactic Tamil Telugu tend varieties of English varieties of IE verb vowel writing written