Tipon: Water Engineering Masterpiece of the Inca Empire
ASCE Publications, Jan 1, 2006 - Science - 163 pages
"Tipon: Water Engineering Masterpiece of the Inca Empire reveals the beauty and the ingenuity of this little-known jewel of the Inca Empire." "Located down the Huatanay River Valley by the Inca capital of Cusco, Tipon is a 500-acre, self-contained, walled settlement that served as an estate for Inca nobility. This historic agricultural site, which has been farmed and partially irrigated for more than 450 years, is a stunning civil engineering achievement by the Inca, who were masters of irrigation and hydraulic technology. They designed buildings, waterworks, and massive structures to be visually and functionally in harmony with the natural environment. In planning a place that would integrate water, soil, agriculture, and topography, the Inca created a virtual water garden that impresses all who visit. Kenneth R. Wright takes readers on a tour of Tipon's canals, plazas, aqueducts, and fountains - infrastructure that transformed a remote mountainside into a true engineering marvel." "Along with a walking guide and photographs, this book provides modern engineers and casual tourists alike with an appreciation of the Inca civilization through the great works they left behind."--BOOK JACKET.
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agricultural Alfredo Valencia ancient Andean andesite aqueduct archaeologists BOTTOM building built Central Terraces ceremonial fountain Ceremonial Plaza climate construction Cruzmoqo cultural Cusco region Cusco Valley drainage drought E. G. Squier elevation estate for Inca feet flow Gordon McEwan hillside Hiram Bingham huaca hydraulic drop structures Imperial Inca Inca canal Inca civil engineers Inca design Inca empire Inca engineers Inca nobility Inca trail Intiwatana irrigation Ives Bejar Mendoza Kancha Group Ken Wright Kurt Loptien Lake Titicaca land LEFT Kenneth Wright LEFT Ruth Wright Machu Picchu mg/L Moche niches Nino Ollantaytambo outer wall Pachacuti Patallaqta Patricia Pinson Peru petroglyphs Pikillacta prehistoric qolca Quelccaya Ice Cap quipu ravine restored RIGHT Kenneth Wright RIGHT Ruth Wright Rio Pukara Scott Marshall Sinkunakancha slope steep stone stonework surface water terrace walls tion Tipon Mountain Tipon Spring Tiwanaku TOP LEFT Kenneth TOP RIGHT Kenneth Viracocha volcanic rock wall of Tipon Wari empire water supply