As biomaterials are used in medical devices, providing needs in such diverse surgical disciplines as ophthalmology, cardiology, neuromuscular surgery, orthopedics, dentistry etc., they must have intimate contact with patient's tissue or body fluid providing a real physical interface, which restricts developments most seriously. This book is written for those who would like to advance their knowledge of biomaterials. The subject matter of the book is divided into twelve chapters dealing with structure and relationship of biological and man made biomaterials. The application of these materials for various medical devices and recent developments in tissue engineering has also covered.
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Overview of Biomaterials
Structure and Properties of Materials
Soft Tissue Applications
Cardiovascular Implants and Extracorporeal Devices
Biomaterials in Ophthalmology 163
Orthopaedic Implants 171
Dental Materials 194
acid Adapted adhesion alloy alumina aorta aortic applications artery artificial atoms biocompatibility biodegradable bioglass biological biomaterials biomedical blood cells blood vessels body bonds bone carbon cartilage cellulose ceramics chains chemical Chitosan clinical clotting coated collagen collagen fibers components composition connective tissue copolymer corrosion crosslinked crystal crystalline Dacron density dental dental implants devices dialyzer diameter elastic elastin electrical electrode enzymes factors femoral fibrils fibrous fixation fluid fracture function grafts healing heart valves heparin hyaluronic hyaluronic acid hydrogels hydroxyapatite implant materials interface ions joint kidney layer lenses ligament matrix mechanical properties membrane metal methacrylate modulus molecular weight molecules monomer muscle organs oxide oxygen phase plasma plastic platelets polyethylene polymerization polymers polyurethane porous potential prostheses proteins proteoglycans reactions replacement silicone rubber skin solution stainless steel stimulation stress structure sulfate surface surgery surgical sutures synthetic Table techniques temperature tendon tissue engineering titanium vascular wound