The Latin Language: An Historical Account of Latin Sounds, Stems and Flexions (Google eBook)

Front Cover
Clarendon Press, 1894 - Latin language - 659 pages
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Contents

Descriptions of the Usound by Latin phoneticians
35
Greek v in Latin
36
о for u
37
Grammarians account of diphthongs
39
Ter Maurus on au
40
a for au
41
Greek transcriptions of au
42
ai for ae
43
oe and e
44
Testimony of grammarians
47
j and v in early Latin
48
in late Latin and Romance
49
Intervocalic v dropped 5a 54 Postconsonantal v dropped
52
ai ei before a vowel
53
Testimony of grammarians
55
h between vowels
57
MW
60
Phonetic descriptions of normal m n
65
Final m
67
SEC PAGE 66 IIS
69
gn
70
Tenues and mediae
71
Greek tenues in loanwords
74
Confusion of mediae and tenues in Latin words
75
Mediae and tenues at end of word
76
Mediae and tenues in the Dialects
77
B P
78
bs bt
79
8a bm mb
80
Phonetic descriptions of d t
82
tl
83
K C O QU GU
84
Phonetic descriptions of the Gutturals
86
g before narrow vowels
87
ct tt
89
Phonetic descriptions of 1
91
The grammarians on the pronunciation of 1
92
Parasitic vowel with 1 г
93
Avoidance of two rs r
95
re
96
rl
97
ly
98
Descriptions of the sound of f
100
EC PAGE 116 mf TOO 117 8 X Z loi 118 Phonetic descriptions of s x
103
Greek Latin z
104
lai Old Roman z
105
s before a consonant
107
Final s
108
Testimony of the grammarians no 129 Reduction of 11 to 1 ss to s after a diphthong or long vowel
110
Confusion of single and double letter in Latin
113
Double consonants in Italian
118
Final double consonant
119
Sandhi in Latin
121
Latin Doublets
122
Dropping of final consonants in Romance
124
Testimony of grammarian
125
Quantity
126
Shortening of long vowel before another vowel
131
Change in quantity of vowel before certain consonantgroups
133
r with consonant
140
s with consonant
141
Crasis of vowels Synizesis c
142
Vowelcontraction in compounds in the early dramatists
143
Synizesis in Late and Vulgar Latin
144
Parasitic vowels
145
CHAPTER III
148
s Testimony of the grammarians i On the Nature of the Latin Accent
154
Accentuation of Greek loanwords
155
Romance Accentuation
156
8ЖС PAOS
157
in other short syllables
194
in Pretonic
200
Change of final short vowel to б
206
Shortening of final 0
212
SEC PAOE
214
A
223
о for о with w and 1 336
229
ig Latin for I Eur о under influence of v
235
27 AI
241
41 ОТГ
248
в and
260
N 27Г
271
об Other examples of I Eur t
284
The Gutturals
290
Ia5 396
296
SEC PAO 141 Dialectal b
302
S Z
303
Eur s Latin s other examples
305
Initial sibilant before consonant
306
O Latin stl sL scl
307
Sibilant before r in middle of word
308
Assimilation of preceding dental to the sibilant
309
Other examples
310
Assimilation of Consonants
311
Assimilation in Proposition compounded with Verb
313
Other examples of Assimilation
314
Assimilation of Syllables
315
FORMATION OF NOUN AND ADJECTIVE STEMS 1 L STEMSUFFIXES
316
Latin 0 and Asuffixes other examples
318
TT TJ
322
Latin Verbal Adjectives in uus vus tlvus
323
NO N
324
Eur NOsuffix
326
MENO MENA
327
MO M
328
КО НА зав 17 Other examples of the ROsuffix
330
ao LEur dhro
331
ИКС PAGE зз Adjectives formed by the LOsuffix
332
Diminutives
333
The suffix Ohio
334
Participles in tus
335
Abstract Nouns in ta sa
336
Adjectives with the KOsuffix
337
t
338
37 NI 339
339
Other examples of Latin li ri
340
Other examples of Latin Tstems
351
NT
352
Other examples of Latin osus
353
Other examples
354
Other examples
355
Mase fand Fera ESstems
356
Other S stems
357
Suffixless stems at end of Compounds in Latin
358
Reduplicated Nouns and Adjectives in Latin
363
Ostems
364
Bstems
365
CHAPTER VI
366
Nom Sing 1 Miixr Fern 37
373
ROsteme
374
YOstems
375
Sstems
376
Diphthong stems
377
n for r
378
Rstems
379
Astcnn
381
Fifth Decl Steins
382
ao Ostems and I0stems
383
ai Ustems
384
Dat Sing
385
Astema
386
0stems
387
The endings im and oni
388
Other examples
389
Abl Sing
391
Latin Abl with d 39i 35 Istem and Cons stem Abl in i and e
392
Locative Sing
395
Locatives in and e in Latin
396
Astems 4c
397
Astems
398
stems
399
Gen Plur
401
urn and orum in Ostems
402
A and 0stems
403
Ace Plur 44
404
The Comparative Suffixes
406
The Superlative Suffixes
407
NUMERALS
408
One 49
409
Unus
410
Duo
411
Three
412
6я Tres
413
Quattuor 414
414
Six
415
Ten
416
Latin duovicesimus
417
Declension of ego
423
The particle ce
433
so Ipse
440
The stem qSu
446
The Pronouns in Romance
453
SBC ГАОК 3 II THE TENSESTEMS Strong Aorist and Sformations
459
Strong Aorist forms in Latin
464
Old Latin forms with ss sN
465
A Present i With Egrade of root and Thematic Vowel
466
Other examples
467
a With reduplicated root
468
3 With root nasalized i With nasal infix ii With nasal affix 409
471
Other examples of nasal affix
472
in the third Conjugation Presents with YOsuffix
475
Of weak grade roots
476
5 Inceptives in SKO sk
477
Latin Desideratives in turio
478
Other examples of Latin Inceptives
479
Of Latin Causativos c
481
Of Latin Desideratives
482
Of Latin Derivative verbs with YOsuffix
483
Of other Verbsuffixes
486
The Conjugations in Romance
488
B Imperfect
489
Fourth Conj Impft in ibam
491
Fourth Conj Fut in Ibo
493
Perfeot
494
Other examples of Reduplicated forms
501
Form of Reduplication
503
Coexistent Reduplicated and Unreduplicated forma
504
Origin of the Perfect in vi iui
505
Shortened forms of the Perfect in vi
508
i Some Irregular Perfects
509
B Imperative 5rt
516
Athematic Sg of fro vol
526
sSing
534
Prs Part Act 54
540
Irregular Verbs in Romance
547
CHAPTER IX
548
Nominative Adverbforms
553
Genitive Adverbforms
555
Ablative Instr and Locative Adverbform
559
Adverbs in tus
561
Adverbial wordgroups and compounds
562
Other Adverbs
565
Numeral Adverbs in ies
567
PREPOSITIONS
572
Ab ар po abs a au al nhsque
575
Ab abs n
577
17 Ал
578
Apud
579
ai Clam clanculum
580
Com cum with and co
581
Dis
582
Erga ergo
583
Extra
584
Infra
585
Palam
586
39 Po
588
Poste postid pos po
589
Pro por
590
Prope
591
а i Conjunctive Que et atque ac quoque etium
598
Ia 10 Temporal Quum quando dum donee ut ubi
608
Interjections
616

Common terms and phrases

Popular passages

Page 662 - HORACE and the ELEGIAC POETS. With a Memoir of the Author by ANDREW LANG, MA, and a Portrait. 8vo, cloth, 14*.
Page 305 - Fusti, dosi, arbosem, robosem, /telusa holera , loebesum liberum usw. ; aurum ... alii a Sabinis translatum putant, quod lili ausum dicebant (Paul. Fest. 6.36 Th) ; Aureliam familiam ex Sabinis oriundam a Sole dictam putant, quod ei publice a populo Romano datus sit locus, in quo sacra faceret Soli, qui ex hoc Auseli dicebantur, ut Valesti, Papisti pr eo quod est Valerii, Papirii
Page 59 - Quinieo ego ipse, cum scirem ita maiores locutos esse, ut nusquam nisi in vocali aspiratione uterentur, loquebar sic, ut pulcros, Cetegos, triumpos, Cartaginem dicerem; aliquando, idque sero, convicio aurium cum extorta mihi veritas esset, usum loquendi populo concessi, scientiam mihi reservavi. Orcivios tarnen et Matones, Otones, Caepiones, sepulcra, coronas, lacrimas dicimus, quia per aurium iudicium licet.
Page 145 - Sed Graeci viderint; nobis ne si cupiamus quidem distrahere voces conceditur. Indicant orationes illae ipsae horridulae Catonis, indicant omnes...
Page 152 - Romans by birth; they were usually Greeks, and would have the same difficulties in describing the Latin Accent as a Frenchman in describing the strong stressaccent of English. These considerations may explain how it is that only a few statements of the writers on Latin Grammar are rid of the terms 'high...
Page 87 - Illud nunc melius, quod cui tribus, quas praeposui, litteris enotamus ; in quo pueris nobis ad pinguem sane sonum qu et oi utebantur, tantum ut ab illo qui distingueretur.
Page 100 - Cicero adieit v, non earn quae accipitur pro vocali, sed earn quae consonantis obtinet vicem, et anteposita vocali fit ut aliae quoque consonantes...
Page 373 - et Plato (nam sic eum Cicero quoque appellat) dicerentur retinuerunt, quia Latinum quod o et n litteris finiretur non " reperiebant. Ne in a quidem atque s litteras exire temere masculina Graeca nomina recto casu patiebantur, ideoque et apud Caelium legimus
Page 20 - Servius (Keil 4, 421, 16 ff.): ex (vocalibus) duae e et o aliter sonant productae, aliter correptae . . . e quando producitur, vicinum est ad sonum i litterae, ut meta; quando autem correptum, vicinum est ad sonum diphthongi, ut equus.
Page 11 - Latinae his verbis: ut Ion scribit, quinta vicesima est litera, quam vocant agma, cuius forma nulla est et vox communis est Graecis et Latinis, ut his verbis: 'aggulus', 'aggens', 'agguilla'. 'iggerunt'. in eiusmodi Graeci et Accius noster bina g scribunt, alii n et g, quod in hoc veritatem videre facile non est. similiter 'agceps', 'agcora...

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