Beyond the Pleasure Principle (Google eBook)
This short work by world-renowned psychologist Sigmund Freud marks a major turning point in the author's theoretical approach. Prior to this work Freud's examination of the forces that drive man focused primarily on the Eros of man, the life instinct innate in all humans. In "Beyond the Pleasure Principle" Freud moves beyond these creative and pleasure-seeking impulses to discuss the impact on human psychology of the Thanatos, or death instinct, which Freud describes as "an urge inherent in all organic life to restore an earlier state of things".
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analysis ascribe assumption Atman attain barrier against stimuli binding bring charge child compulsion conception conjecture consciousness death-instincts direct dreams earlier condition ego-instincts elements endeavour energy Eros excitation process existence experience expression fact feelings Folge force function further germ cells higher animals hypothesis idea important impression impulse influence infusoria inner layer libidinous life-instincts Lipschütz living matter living organism living substance masochism melancholia multicellular multicellular organisms narcissistic libido natural death object observation operation origin ourselves outer world part-instinct patient perhaps Plato play pleasure and pain pleasure-principle possible preconscious primary process principle propagation protective barrier protozoa psychic apparatus psychic processes psychic systems psycho psycho-analysis question quiescent reality-principle reception recognised reinstatement repeat repetition repetition-compulsion repressed reproductive cells resistance result sadism Sammlung kleiner Schriften satisfaction Schriften zur Neurosenlehre secondary process sexual instincts soma speculation striving system Bw system W-Bw tendency traumatic neuroses unconscious Upanishads vesicle Weismann's wish-fulfilment