Skeena-Queen Charlotte Regional District: Queen Charlotte Islands, Porcher Island, Prince Rupert Port Authority, Barrett Point, Moresby Island
General Books, 2010 - 104 pages
Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 102. Not illustrated. Chapters: Queen Charlotte Islands. Excerpt: Queen Charlotte Islands - The economy is blended, including art and natural resources, primarily logging and commercial fishing. Furthermore, service industries and government jobs provide about one-third of the jobs, and tourism has become a more prominent part of the economy in recent years, especially for fishing and tour guides, cycling, camping, and adventure tourism. At the time of colonial contact, the population was roughly 10,000 people, residing in several towns and including slave populations drawn from both other clans of Haida and other tribes. Ninety percent of the population died during the 1800s from smallpox; other diseases arrived as well, including typhoid, measles, and syphilis, affecting many more inhabitants. By 1900, only 350 people remained. Towns were abandoned as people left their homes for the towns of Skidegate and Masset, cannery towns on the mainland, or for Vancouver Island. Today, some 3800 people live on the islands. About 70% of the indigenous people (Haida) live in two Indian communities at Skidegate and Old Masset, with a population of about 700 each. In total the Haida make up 45% of the population of the islands. Anthony Island and the town of Ninstints were made a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2006; in the decision, the decline in population wrought by disease was referenced when citing the 'vanished civilization' of the Haida. The archipelago was visited in 1774 by Juan P rez (at Langara Island) and in 1778 by Captain James Cook. In 1787 the islands were surveyed by Captain George Dixon. The islands were named by Captain Dixon after one of his ships, the Queen Charlotte, which was named after Queen Charlotte, wife of King George III of the United Kingdom. The name Haida Gwaii is of modern coinage and was created as an altern...
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