Who were India s foremost thinkers? What systems did they establish? What problems have agitated the minds of India s philosophers, intellectuals and mystics? Tersely and in pleasing style Dr. Bernard has answered these questions satisfactorily alike to the layman and the special student of India and her philosophic life without effecting a compromise with Western philosophy and its narrow categories. Moreover, the important Kashmir Shaivism, so long omitted from works on Indian Philosophy, has at last been given its due here. In a sense, a major portion of the book is also dictionary a dictionary of Sanskrit philosophical terms, arranged alphabetically, explained as to grammatical construction or composition, and defined, often with emphasis on special meanings within the different types of philosophy. Bertrand Arthur William Russell, 3rd Earl Russell, OM, FRS (18 May 1872 2 February 1970), was a British philosopher, logician, mathematician, historian, social reformer, and pacifist. Although he spent the majority of his life in England, he was born in Wales, where he also died. Russell led the British "revolt against Idealism" in the early 1900s and is considered one of the founders of analytic philosophy along with his protege Wittgenstein and his elder Frege. He co-authored, with A. N. Whitehead, Principia Mathematica, an attempt to ground mathematics on logic. His philosophical essay "On Denoting" has been considered a "paradigm of philosophy." Both works have had a considerable influence on logic, mathematics, set theory, linguistics and analytic philosophy. He was a prominent anti-war activist, championing free trade between nations and anti-imperialism. Russell was imprisoned for his pacifist activism during World War I, campaigned against Adolf Hitler, for nuclear disarmament, criticised Soviet totalitarianism and the United States of America's involvement in the Vietnam War. In 1950, Russell was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature, "in recognition of his varied and significant writings in which he champions humanitarian ideals and freedom of thought."
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action Aham Air Vayu Akaža aspect Atman Badarayana Bhatta body Brahman Calcutta cause cent classified commentary compounded of parama consciousness consists cosmic evolution Cosmic Substance Prakrti defined doctrine dvaita etymology uncertain existence Gautama Guna Hindu Philosophy I-E base Idam Indian individual Indriyas intelligence Jaimini Kažmir Saivism Kala karmendriyas literature logical Madras Mahabhuta matter Maya means Mimamsa Mimarhsa mind manas nature Nyaya odour Paramanus participle Patanjali perceived perception postulated to account practice of Yoga Prakrti prep process of cosmic produced proposition Prthivi Purusa qq.v Ramanuja reason sacrifice Sakti Samkara Samkhya Samkhya system Samkhyakarika Sanskrit Sarhkhya Sense-Particular Mahabhuta senses Siva Sivasutra sixteen categories soul sound special property Spirit subtle element tanmatra Supreme Sutras Tanmatras Tantras Tattva teachings term things tion tradition transcendental truth Ultimate Principle Ultimate Reality universal condition Upanisads Vaižesika Vaisnava Vasugupta Veda Vedanta Vedantasutra Vedic Visnu Word Sabda yayu Yoga Yuga