Aristotle and the Science of Nature: Unity Without Uniformity

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Cambridge University Press, Sep 8, 2005 - Philosophy - 139 pages
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Andrea Falcon's work is guided by the exegetical ideal of recreating the mind of Aristotle and his distinctive conception of the theoretical enterprise. In this concise exploration of the significance of the celestial world for Aristotle's science of nature, Falcon investigates the source of discontinuity between celestial and sublunary natures and argues that the conviction that the natural world exhibits unity without uniformity is the ultimate reason for Aristotle's claim that the heavens are made of a special body, unique to them. This book presents Aristotle as a totally engaged, systematic investigator whose ultimate concern was to integrate his distinct investigations into a coherent interpretation of the world we live in, all the while mindful of human limitations to what can be known. Falcon reads in Aristotle the ambition of an extraordinarily curious mind and the confidence that that ambition has been largely fulfilled.
  

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Andrea Falcon argues that Aristotle thinks that there would be no sublunary world without the action of the celestial world. Andrea Falcon argues that Aristotle is committed to the existence of material discontinuity in the natural world. Andrea Falcon argues that Aristotle thinks of the natural world as a very special causal system in which the direction of explanation is from the celestial to the sublunary world only. Falcon argues that Aristotle thinks the study of the Sun and the celestial world should precede, rather than follow, the study of the sublunary world - 

Contents

The unity structure and boundaries of Aristotles science of nature
1
Bodies
31
Motions
55
The limits of Aristotles science of nature
85
Epilogue
113

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About the author (2005)

Andrea Falcon is Assistant Professor in the Department of Philosophy at Concordia University, Montreal. He is the author of Corpi e Movimenti: Il De caelo di Aristotele e la sua fortuna nel mondo antico (Naples, 2001).

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