The Emperor's New Mind: Concerning Computers, Minds, and the Laws of PhysicsFor decades, proponents of artificial intelligence have argued that computers will soon be doing everything that a human mind can do. Admittedly, computers now play chess at the grandmaster level, but do they understand the game as we do? Can a computer eventually do everything a human mind can do? In this absorbing and frequently contentious book, Roger Penroseeminent physicist and winner, with Stephen Hawking, of the prestigious Wolf prizeputs forward his view that there are some facets of human thinking that can never be emulated by a machine. Penrose examines what physics and mathematics can tell us about how the mind works, what they can't, and what we need to know to understand the physical processes of consciousness. He is among a growing number of physicists who think Einstein wasn't being stubborn when he said his "little finger" told him that quantum mechanics is incomplete, and he concludes that laws even deeper than quantum mechanics are essential for the operation of a mind. To support this contention, Penrose takes the reader on a dazzling tour that covers such topics as complex numbers, Turing machines, complexity theory, quantum mechanics, formal systems, Godel undecidability, phase spaces, Hilbert spaces, black holes, white holes, Hawking radiation, entropy, quasicrystals, the structure of the brain, and scores of other subjects. The Emperor's New Mind will appeal to anyone with a serious interest in modern physics and its relation to philosophical issues, as well as to physicists, mathematicians, philosophers and those on either side of the AI debate. 
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Review: The Emperor's New Mind Concerning Computers, Minds and the Laws of Physics
User Review  Jonathan Chuang  GoodreadsAlthough this book brought to my attention some interesting ideas, I felt that as a whole, these ideas weren't communicated very succinctly or convincingly. I was constantly annoyed by the copious ... Read full review
Review: The Emperor's New Mind Concerning Computers, Minds and the Laws of Physics
User Review  Douglas  GoodreadsI read this book when it first came out and I was still a student of science so my memory on specific details is sketchy. There is no doubt that it is interesting and lively. I recall agreeing with ... Read full review
Contents
Prologue  1 
ALGORITHMS AND TURING MACHINES  40 
MATHEMATICS AND REALITY  98 
TRUTH PROOF AND INSIGHT  129 
THE CLASSICAL WORLD  193 
QUANTUM MAGIC AND QUANTUM MYSTERY  291 
COSMOLOGY AND THE ARROW OF TIME  391 
IN SEARCH OF QUANTUM GRAVITY  450 
REAL BRAINS AND MODEL BRAINS  483 
WHERE LIES THE PHYSICS OF MIND?  523 
Epilogue  583 
584  
Common terms and phrases
according actually algorithm amplitude Argand plane argument atoms behaviour big bang big crunch binary black hole brain calculation Chapter classical complex numbers complicated concept consciousness consider cortex described device digits direction effect Einstein's electron energy entropy equations Euclidean example fact field finite formal system geometry Godel gravitational Hamiltonian Hilbert space idea infinite initial kind large number light cone linear superposition low entropy Mandelbrot set mathematical truth mathematician measurement momentum motion natural numbers neuron Newtonian normally notation observer operation particle particular Penrose perhaps phase space photon physical physicists picture position precise principle probability problem procedure propositions quantum gravity quantum mechanics quantum theory question real numbers referred region relativity Riemann sphere second law seems sense simply slits spacetime special relativity spin square statevector suppose tape theorem things Turing machine Turing test universe vector viewpoint wavefunction WEYL worldlines