Animals in Stone: Indian Mammals Sculptured Through Time

Front Cover
BRILL, 2008 - Social Science - 461 pages
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The art history of South Asia covers a time span of roughly four and a half thousand years. During this period, a vast number of animal stone sculptures has been produced, ranging from the pre-historic period till today and covering a great variety of motifs and imagery in different regions and religious traditions. Even so, the number of studies devoted to these animal sculptures has remained extremely limited. The present book aims at filling this knowledge gap. With this richly illustrated book, the first of its kind, Van der Geer offers a comparative study of the ways in which various animals have been depicted and a lucid analysis of the sculptorsa (TM) treatment of their a oemodelsa: living animals. The art history of sculptured animals is contextualized with a description of the use of animals as can be read from ancient texts, archaeological evidence and contemporaneous culture. In doing so, parallels as well as differences in style or iconography are highlighted, elucidating the variety of animal depictions across regions, religious contexts and through time. The corpus of discussed material ranges from Indus seals, stupa panels and railings, monumental temples from North and South India, non-religious palace and fort architecture to loose sculptures in museum collections.
  

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Contents

Acknowledgments
ix
List of Figures
xi
List of Abbreviations
lxvii
Timetable
lxix
Introduction
1
Chapter One Antilope cervicapra the blackbuck
55
Chapter Two Axis axis the spotted deer
64
Chapter Three Bandicota indica the bandicoot rat
74
Chapter TwentyThree Giraffa camelopardalis the giraffe
280
Chapter TwentyFour Herpestes spp the Indian mongooses
286
Chapter TwentyFive Hylobates hoolock the whitebrowed gibbon
291
Chapter TwentySix nigricollis the Indian hare
293
Chapter TwentySeven Lutrogale perspicillata the smooth Indian otter
297
Chapter TwentyEight Macaca mulatta M radiata the rhesus monkey and bonnet macaque
301
Chapter TwentyNine Melursus ursinus the sloth bear
310
Chapter Thirty Muntiacus muntjak the Indian muntjac
315

Chapter Four Bos gaurus the gaur
83
Chapter Five Bos indicus the zebu
88
Chapter Six Bos primigenius the aurochs
111
Chapter Seven Boselaphus tragocamelus the nilgai
115
Chapter Eight Bubalus bubalis the water buffalo
119
Chapter Nine Camelus bactrianus the Bactrian camel
140
Chapter Ten Camelus dromedarius the dromedary
144
Chapter Eleven Canis aureus the golden jackal
150
Chapter Twelve Canis familiaris the domestic dog
159
Chapter Thirteen Capra hircus the domestic goat
169
Chapter Fourteen Capra sibrica the Asiatic ibex
174
Chapter Fifteen Cervus unicolor sambar deer
180
Chapter Sixteen Cuon alpinus the red dog
187
Chapter Seventeen Elephas maximus the Indian elephant
189
Chapter Eighteen Equus caballus the domestic horse
226
Chapter Nineteen Equus hemionus the khur
259
Chapter Twenty Felis spp the small cats
264
Chapter TwentyOne Funambulus spp the striped palm squirrels
270
Chapter TwentyTwo Gazella bennetti the chinkara
274
Chapter ThirtyOne Mus musculus the common house mouse
318
Chapter ThirtyTwo Ovis aries the domestic sheep
321
Chapter ThirtyThree Panthera leo the lion
332
Chapter ThirtyFour Panthera pardus the leopard
362
Chapter ThirtyFive Panthera tigris the tiger
368
Chapter ThirtySix Platanista gangetica the river dolphin
376
Chapter ThirtySeven Rhinoceros unicornis the Indian rhinoceros
380
Chapter ThirtyEight Semnopithecus entellus the common langur
387
Chapter ThirtyNine Sus scrofa pigs and boars
395
Chapter Forty Tapirus indicus the Asian tapir
415
Chapter FortyOne Tetracerus quadricornis the chousingha
418
Chapter FortyTwo Vulpes bengalensis the Indian fox
421
Chapter FortyThree Who are Missing?
424
Chapter FortyFour Concluding Remarks
430
Bibliography
435
Glossary
449
Index
453
Copyright

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About the author (2008)

Alexandra A.E. van der Geer, Ph.D. (1998) in Classical Sanskrit, University of Leiden, is research associate for Palaeontology and Historical Geology at the National University of Athens. She has published on a wide range of subjects, including Sanskrit, geomythology and animals of the past.