Spanish in Contact: Issues in Bilingualism
Ana Roca, John B. Jensen
Cascadilla Press, 1996 - Foreign Language Study - 226 pages
This collection of papers addresses the wide variety of questions that arise when Spanish (or any language) comes into contact with other languages. Which languages are used and under what circumstances? How do languages change and affect each other in a bilingual or multilingual environment? How do societal pressures, cultural stereotypes, and individual attitudes affect language use and development, or even result in the death of a language? Spanish in Contact is organized into three sections, examining contact situations in Spain, Latin America, and the United States. The authors look at regions where Spanish is the dominant language as well as regions where it is the minority language, and discuss changes in the lexicon, phonology and syntax of the affected languages. Code-switching and issues in language planning are also addressed.
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analysis Andean Spanish Asuncion attitudes balanced bilinguals Basque bilectals bilingual education bilingual speakers calques Castilian Catalan language Catalonia clauses clitic code-switching configurational coreferential cultural dialects Estudios example factors Flege Functional Head Constraint grammar Guarani immigrants Indian indigenous languages interlanguage interlect language contact language learning language proficiency language shift Language usage learners lect lengua lexical items linguistic Little Havana Lope Blanch Mexican Spanish Mexico monolingual monolingual Spanish Nahuatl native speakers null and overt null pronouns null subject overt pronouns overt subject pronouns Paraguay parameter parentage patterns phonemes phonological Poplack population pro-drop pro-drop language pronominal Quechua respondents rural second language acquisition semantic sentences social sociolinguistic Spanish in Contact Spanish language Spanish speakers Spanish-speaking speech standard structure switching syntactic Table TB Spanish TB speakers tenses third language ungrammatical University urban variables varieties verb VOT values word order