A History of Greek Philosophy: Volume 1, The Earlier Presocratics and the Pythagoreans

Front Cover
Cambridge University Press, 1978 - Philosophy - 556 pages
2 Reviews
All volumes of Professor Guthrie's great history of Greek philosophy have won their due acclaim. The most striking merits of Guthrie's work are his mastery of a tremendous range of ancient literature and modern scholarship, his fairness and balance of judgement and the lucidity and precision of his English prose. He has achieved clarity and comprehensiveness.
  

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Contents

INTRODUCTION AND SUMMARY
1
THE BEGINNINGS OF PHILOSOPHY IN GREECE
26
THE MILESIANS
39
B Thales
45
the eclipse
46
2 Family
50
4 Mathematics
52
the unity of all things
54
3 The nature of the soul
306
E Individual Pythagoreans
319
1 Hippasus
320
2 Petron
322
3 Ecphantus
323
4 Hicetas
327
5 Philolaus
329
6 Archytas
333

6 Mythical precursors
58
7 Rationed explanations
61
hylozoism
62
science and myth
67
water and life
71
C Anaximander
72
2 The Unlimited as arche
76
3 The opposites
78
4 The meaning of apeiron
83
5 The apeiron divine
87
6 Cosmogony and cosmology
89
7 Origin of animal and human life
101
8 Meteorology
105
innumerable worlds
106
D Anaximenes
115
3 Unconscious presuppositions
116
rarefaction and condensation
119
5 Air life and divinity
127
6 Cosmogony and cosmology
132
7 Meteorology
139
conclusion
140
PYTHAGORAS AND THE PYTHAGOREANS
146
A Difficulties
148
B Methods of approach
157
2 Fourthcentury sources excluding Aristotle and his pupils
161
3 PostPlatonic sources
169
4 The a priori method
171
C Life of Pythagorean philosophy
173
D Outline of the Pythagorean philosophy
181
1 Man and his place in nature
182
2 Numbers and the cosmos
212
Speed and pitch
226
Aristotles evidence for the general nature of the doctrine
229
the generation of things from numbers
239
d Cosmology
282
e Abstractions as numbers
301
Time and the Unlimited
336
ALCMAEON
341
XENOPHANES
360
1 Date and life
362
2 Social and political outlook
364
3 Writings
365
4 Tradition
366
5 Destructive criticism
370
6 Constructive theology
373
7 God identified with the world
381
8 All creatures born from earth
383
9 Alternation of wet and dry ages
387
10 Astronomy and meteorology
390
11 Theory of knowledge
395
12 Conclusion
401
HERACLITUS
403
2 Sources
405
3 Writings
406
4 Date and life
408
5 Obscurity and contempt for mankind
410
6 Prophetic character
413
7 Relation to earlier thinkers
415
selfsearch
416
9 The Logos
419
10 Three basic statements
435
b Everything is in continuous motion and change
449
c The world an everliving fire
454
fire and soul
459
the concept of measure
464
theology
469
14 Religion and the fate of the soul
473
15 Astronomy and meteorology
482
16 Conclusion
486
The riverstatement
488
Bibliography
493
Copyright

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