Parameters in Old French Syntax: Infinitival Complements (Google eBook)
1.1. AIMS AND ASSUMPTIONS This book presents an analysis of infinitival complement constructions in Old French (OF) from the perspective of the Government-Binding (GB) framework. It aims, therefore, to establish within the terms of the GB framework just how the OF constructions are to be characterized and in just what sense they can or cannot be compared with the corresponding constructions in other Romance languages. The GB framework is an articulated theory about the structure of language which is based on the view that the aim of research into language is to construct a description of language which accurately reflects its essential nature. Whilst we know that individual languages may appear to be superficially very different, we also know that all languages are capable of expressing complex concepts and that all children acquire mastery of the language or languages to which they are exposed. The task, therefore, is to determine both the properties which languages have in common and the bounds within which they may differ. In the pursuit of these aims, the study of various languages of the Romance family has provided a rich source of material for the develop ment of the descriptive apparatus. Evidence of the contribution supplied by such work is apparent in references to Romance material in Chomsky (1981, 1982), in volumes such as Jaeggli (1982), Rizzi (1982a), Kayne (1984b), Burzio (1986), and in numerous papers devoted to particular constructions in a variety of Romance languages.
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13th century accusative marked appear apply Artu assignment auxiliary auxiliary verbs Belletti Burzio c-command causative construction Chapter characteristics clauses clitic pronouns constituent construction type contrast D-structure dative marking difference dire direct object discussion distinction embedded empty category enclitic ergative verbs estevoir evidence examples external argument external role faire fait fare VP fist French Gianni Giovanni governing verb Herslund Impersonal verbs infinitival phrase INFL interpretation intransitive infinitive Italian Kayne language lexical Maria ment MidF ModF Modlt ModSp Moignet molti MV-Prep-Pro-Inf N/Pro node NP complement null subject occur ordering pattern Perlesvaus pre-VInf Prep preposition present preverbal Pro-MV-Inf constructions proclitic pronoun complements pronoun placement properties proposed qu'il Raising verbs reflexive pronoun Rizzi Roland Romance languages second position sentence sequences shown SPEC specifications structure subcategorization subject position surface syntactic tense Tensed-S complements texts thematic roles theme tion transitive infinitival complements VInf volere weak pronoun whilst
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