Kurdish Notables and the Ottoman State: Evolving Identities, Competing Loyalties, and Shifting Boundaries

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SUNY Press, 2004 - History - 186 pages
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Kurdish nationalism remains one of the most critical and explosive problems of the Middle East. Despite its importance, the topic remains on the margins of Middle East Studies. Bringing the study of Kurdish nationalism into the mainstream of Middle East scholarship, Hakan Özogálu examines the issue in the context of the Ottoman Empire. Using a wealth of primary sources, including Ottoman and British archives, Ottoman Parliamentary minutes, memoirs, and interviews, he focuses on revealing the social, political, and historical forces behind the emergence and development of Kurdish nationalism. Contrary to the assumption that nationalist movements contribute to the collapse of empires, the book argues that Kurdish leaders remained loyal to the Ottoman state, and only after it became certain that the empire would not recover did Kurdish nationalism emerge and clash with the Kemalist brand of Turkish nationalism.
  

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Contents

Introduction
1
The Role of Kurdish Nationalism in the Emergence of the Turkish Republic
2
A Brief Discussion of Nationalism
3
Different Interpretations of Nationalism
4
Ethnicity Nationalism and the Development of Identity
7
Nationalism in the Kurdish Case
10
Nationalism and Notables in the Ottoman Empire
11
Boundaries of the Research
13
Consequences of Ottoman Rule
63
Kurdish Protonationalism? The Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries
69
Bedirhan Pasha and His Revolt of 1847
70
The Naqshbandi Semdinan Family and Sayyid Ubeydullah
72
Two Kurdish Cultural and Political Organizations 190820
77
Kurt Teavun ve Terakki Cemiyeti or the Society for the Mutual Aid and Progress of Kurdistan SMPK
78
The Role of Preexisting Ties and Notables in the Emergence of Kurdish Nationalism
87
The Naksibendi Semdinan Family
88

Organization and General Arguments of the Chapters
14
Evolution of Group Identity The Kurds and Kurdistan in Historical Texts
21
Origin of the Kurds
22
Serefhan Bitlisi
27
Ahmedi Hani
31
A View of An Ottoman Traveler
33
Kurdistan The First Kurdish Newspaper
35
Semseddin Sami 18501904 in his famous encyclopedia Kamus ulAlem defines Kurdistan as follows
37
The PostWorld War I Period
38
Conclusion
40
StateTribe Relations Ottoman Empire and Kurdish Tribalism Since the Sixteenth Century
43
Definition of Kurdish Tribes
45
Kurdish Tribalism Prior to the Ottoman Conquest
46
OttomanSafavid Relations and Kurdistan
47
Classical Ottoman Administration
51
Ottoman Administration in Kurdistan
53
Decreasing Level of Autonomy
57
Ottoman Administrative Policies in NineteenthCentury Kurdistan
59
The Bedirhani Family
95
Celadet Ali and Kamuran Ali Bedirhan
100
Other Members of the SAK in the Bedirhani Family
102
The Cemilpasazade Family
103
Ekrem Cemilpasa
104
Kadri Cemilpasa Zinar Silopi
106
Shaykh Sefik Efendi Arvasi
108
Mehmet Serif Pasha
110
Bediiizzaman Said Nursi
113
Hizanizade Bitlizli Kemal Fevzi
115
Conclusion
117
Concluding Remarks and Suggestions for Further Research
121
Directions for further Research in the Republican Period
125
Notes
131
Bibliography
159
Index
179
Copyright

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About the author (2004)

Hakan Özogálu is the Ayasli Senior Lecturer in Turkish Studies at the University of Chicago.

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