Creating the Computer: Government, Industry, and High Technology

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Brookings Institution Press, Jan 1, 1988 - Computers - 282 pages
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Looks at the technological developments that led to the development of computers, discusses the influence of the military and IBM, and surveys current competition
  

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Creating the computer: government, industry, and high technology

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The author ( Targeting the Computer ) traces the origins of the computer through the changing composition of today's international industry. He finds that despite the decline in government support ... Read full review

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Contents

Introduction
1
The Computer at the Center of a Policy Revolution
2
Origins of Key Technologies
3
International Ties
5
Summary
6
The Technological Landscape
8
The Structure of a Computer System
9
The Technology Base and the Role of Government
12
France
150
Germany
159
Other European Developments
165
Summary
166
Computers in Japan
172
First Steps
173
An Evolving Industry
175
Turmoil in the 1970s
192

Special Cases
23
Conclusion
28
Military Roots
29
Military Influence
34
An Emerging National Science and Technology Policy
41
The Origins of a Commercial Industry
46
Summary
75
IBM and Its Competitors
80
The Origins of US Computer Firms
81
IBMs US Competitors
102
Reactions Abroad
132
Competition in Europe
134
Britain
136
British Computers in the 1950s
142
Summary
200
How Computer Firms Compete
203
The Pace of Technological Progress
204
Economies of Scale and Scope
210
Reaping the Benefits of Research Investment
217
Technological Differentiation and Competition
226
Japans Challenge
232
The Changing Face of Competition
235
The Role of Government
251
Government and Computer Innovation
253
Implications for HighTechnology Industries
255
Appendix
259
Index
271
Copyright

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