The Development of the Komnenian Army

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BRILL, 2002 - History - 263 pages
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The emperors of the Komnenian dynasty orchestrated the economic and military renewal of the Byzantine Empire. In 1081, Alexios I became emperor of a bankrupt and diminished empire. In 1180, Manuel I ruled the most powerful state in the eastern Mediterranean, capable of sending expeditions to Egypt, Hungary, Italy, and Palestine. This study examines how the Komnenian emperors restored the Byzantine state by building a professional army of mercenaries and Byzantine citizens. It examines the army's ethnic composition, tactics, equipment, and its financial support. Finally, it examines the army in battle. This is the only study of the Byzantine army during the privotal twelfth century. It provides an explanation for the complex Byzantine political and military problems of the eleventh and twelfth centuries, as well as another perspective on the European crusading movement.
  

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Contents

Chapter One Textual Sources for 12th and 13thCentury
1
Chapter Two Historical Overview of Eleventh
27
Chapter Three The Campaigns of Alexios I Komnenos
56
Chapter Four The Campaigns of John II Komnenos
85
Chapter Five The Campaigns of Manuel I Komnenos
100
Chapter Six Supporting the Komnenian Army
139
Chapter Seven Komnenian Siege Warfare
182
Chapter Eight The Komnenian Army in Battle
206
Conclusion
231
Chronology of the Komnenian Historians
243
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About the author (2002)

John W. Birkenmeier Ph.D. (1998) in History, The Catholic University of America, is a former Junior Fellow at Dumbarton Oaks Research Institute. Other publications include "Military Medicine and Injury in Byzantium," in the U.S. Army's "Textbook of Military Medicine" (2000).

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