Cultural Heritage and Human Rights (Google eBook)

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Helaine Silverman, D. Fairchild Ruggles
Springer Science & Business Media, Oct 14, 2008 - History - 206 pages
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In today’s world, there seems to be no corner of the world that has not been affected by globalization – for good and for bad. While the world becomes more hegemonized socially and culturally, local communities are fighting to preserve their way of life as part of their heritage. Travel and cultural institutions use this “uniqueness” to promote travel and tourism; and while this brings in revenue and exposure, cultural heritage sites that were preserved by virtue of their isolation are now being severely damaged and even destroyed. At the same time, there is a growing awareness that while this unique heritage is used to define a community, society or nation, it also can be a basis for conflict.

The volume addresses a deeply political aspect of heritage preservation and management as it relates to human rights. Social and community advocates assert that heritage is necessary for the articulation and preservation of cultural identity. The display of heritage monuments and performance can be a strategy for asserting minority identity in the face of majority pressure – as well as a tool for resistance and the expression of difference.

Conversely, the erasure of cultural expressions—such as buildings, monuments, language, religion, and social practices—is a powerful tool in warfare and political regulation. In the assault on human lives and political autonomy, the cultural history and values of a community are also attacked, destroying not only individuals but the very fabric of society.

Is there a universal right to the free expression and preservation of cultural heritage, and if so, where is that right articulated and can it be protected? How is the notion of “heritage” used variously to unite and divide communities? Who defines cultural heritage and who should control stewardship and the benefits of cultural heritage? 

Cultural Heritage and Human Rights, the first volume in the Cultural Heritage in a Globalized World series, use these issues and questions to contemplate cultural heritage and human rights. The cases presented are world-wide with their implications presented on a global level. This interdisciplinary volume brings together contributors from such diverse fields as: history, culture studies, anthropology, urban and regional planning, archaeology, gender studies, landscape architecture, heritage and museum studies, political economy, and legal studies. It will be of interest to scholars and practitioners in fields that are affected by heritage, globalization and social/cultural studies.

  

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Contents

Cultural Heritage and Human Rights
3
Universal Declaration of Human Rights
23
Connotations Conflicts Conundrums Communities
30
Closing Pandoras Box Human Rights Conundrums in Cultural Heritage Protection
33
The IndoIslamic Garden Conflict Conservation and Conciliation in Gujarat India
53
Tourism Cultural Heritage and Human Rights in Indonesia The Challenges of an Emerging Democratic Society
78
Transnational Diaspora and Rights of Heritage
92
Performing Slave Descent Cultural Heritage and the Right to Land in Brazil
106
Historical Disruptions in Ecuador Reproducing an Indian Past in Latin America
132
Plains Indians and Resistance to Public Heritage Commemoration of Their Pasts
144
Empty Gestures? Heritage and the Politics of Recognition
159
Archeology as Activism
172
Genes and Burkas Predicaments of Human Rights and Cultural Property
184
Index
201
Copyright

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About the author (2008)

Helaine Silverman is Associate Professor of Anthropology at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. She is the author of "Cahuachi in the Ancient Nasca World "(1993) and various articles and chapters on ancient Nasca society.

Donald A. Proulx is Professor of Anthropology at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst. He is the author of numerous publications on Nasca culture including "Local Differences and Time Differences in Nasca Pottery "(1968) and "The Nasca Style" (1983).

D. Fairchild Ruggles is Associate Professor in Landscape History at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign. She is the editor of Women, Patronage, and Self-Representation in Islamic Societies (2000).