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Medical Complications of Head and Neck Surgery
Central Nervous System Injury
29 other sections not shown
airway anastomosis anesthesia anesthetic antibiotics Arch Otolaryngol avoid bleeding blood bone bronchoscope cardiac carotid artery cartilage cause cerebral chemotherapy Clin clinical closure complications defect disease dissection edema endoscopic endotracheal tube esophageal ethmoid evaluation facial nerve Figure fistula fossa frontal frontal sinus function gland glottic head and neck healing hemorrhage hemostasis hypopharynx hypotension incision infection injury intracranial intraoperative intubation laryngeal nerve Laryngoscope laser surgery lateral leak lesions ligation major mandibular mucosa muscle myocutaneous flap nasal neck surgery necrosis obturator occur operation oral cavity orbital Otolaryngology paralysis parotidectomy patient pedicle percent performed pharyngeal Plast Reconstr Surg posterior postoperative potential preoperative pressure prevent problems prosthesis pulmonary radiation reconstruction recurrent removal resection result rhinoplasty risk scarring sequelae sinus skin flap skin graft soft palate soft tissue stenosis stoma subglottic surgeon suture technique therapy thoracic thyroid tients tion toxicity tracheal tracheostomy trauma treatment tumor usually vascular vessels vocal cord wound