Being in the just war: ontology and the decline of the just war tradition
When debating upon how to react to new styles of warfare in the 21st century, scholars and political leaders often invoke the language of the just war doctrine. However, while terms such as "last resort" and "legitimate authority" are frequently used, their meaning is often vague or improperly used. In what ways can we make the terminology of just war more concrete and meaningful? This study examines the philosophical structure of the just war tradition, in particular focusing on its origins. Through an analysis of the ontological presuppositions of Augustine's arguments on just war, this study explains some of the fundamental assumptions necessary for the just war doctrine to remain coherent. By investigating contemporary attempts to address morality in warfare, this study also explains why major schools of thought (realism, international law, liberalism) fail in this endevour. This book will be of use to scholars of political theory, international relations, and intellectual history. It will also prove useful to researchers who focus political theology, ethics in warfare, and conflict studies.
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n ANTE A UGUSTINUM
THE INEXPRESSIBLE AS CARITAS SOVEREIGNTY
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Al-Qaeda Ambrose Aquinas argue Arian Augustine 1984 Augustine's thought Augustine's view Augustinian becomes believe Bishop caritas Casas chapter Christian political realism Church Cicero Civitate coercion conflict consider created discussion Divinity doctrine Donatist elements emphasis eschatology especially eternal evil example existence explain explicates faith focus focused God's sovereignty Grotius Hauerwas Hugo Grotius human rights idea important individual Inexpressible interaction issue justice lack legalistic thinking legitimate authority liberal Manichaean matter means metaphysics Michael Walzer moral universe morality in warfare Moreover Morgenthau 1985 natural theology necessary necessity neorealism neorealist notion objective moral order ontology pacifism pacifistic peace perhaps perspective philosophical positive international law principle problem punishment question Rawls reality realm Realpolitik reason regarding requires result saeculum Security Council soul specifically structure Taliban temporal tends Tertullian theory things thinkers Thomas Thomas Aquinas Thomistic tradition Tyconius understanding universe Waltz Walzer writes Yoder