Magnetism and Superconductivity

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Springer Science & Business Media, Mar 6, 2000 - Science - 467 pages
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This book was written from lectures given to MSc students following the 'Matter and Radiation' course at the University of Grenoble I. Although magnetism and superconductivity cover a wide area of physics, the course was motivated by a common factor: these phenomena are realisa tions of thermodynamic states which break certain continuous symmetries. In the case of magnetism, they break rotational invariance. In the case of superconductivity, they break gauge invariance. The aim of the course was to bring out the importance of broken symmetries in condensed matter physics. The book can be understood with minimal prerequisites and the math ematical techniques used are fairly elementary. However, a basic knowledge of spin and angular momentum is essential, since quantum mechanics lies at the heart of both magnetism and superconductivity. Chapter 2 reviews the main points. The first chapter explains how thermodynamic functions are constructed in the presence of a magnetic field. As the book has two parts, Magnetism (I) and Superconductivity (II), these will be specified between brackets in cross-references to sections and chapters. I have made a particular effort to present phenomena in magnetism and superconductivity by starting with concrete examples. Some technological applications of superconductivity have also been described.
  

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Contents

II
3
IV
7
V
9
VI
11
VII
12
VIII
19
IX
20
X
23
LXXXIX
239
XC
242
XCI
248
XCII
252
XCIII
256
XCIV
258
XCV
259
XCVI
261

XII
26
XIII
30
XIV
34
XV
39
XVI
41
XVII
43
XVIII
44
XIX
47
XX
48
XXI
50
XXII
52
XXIII
53
XXIV
56
XXV
58
XXVI
61
XXVIII
62
XXIX
67
XXX
68
XXXI
72
XXXII
74
XXXIII
77
XXXIV
79
XXXV
83
XXXVI
90
XXXVII
93
XXXVIII
98
XXXIX
101
XLI
106
XLII
108
XLIII
110
XLIV
113
XLV
117
XLVI
118
XLVIII
119
XLIX
121
L
127
LI
129
LII
130
LIII
133
LIV
135
LV
139
LVI
141
LVII
147
LVIII
150
LIX
152
LX
159
LXI
161
LXII
162
LXIII
164
LXIV
165
LXV
166
LXVI
170
LXVII
171
LXVIII
172
LXIX
173
LXX
176
LXXI
179
LXXII
184
LXXIII
192
LXXIV
195
LXXV
197
LXXVI
198
LXXVII
199
LXXVIII
200
LXXIX
201
LXXX
205
LXXXI
208
LXXXII
214
LXXXIII
216
LXXXIV
217
LXXXV
218
LXXXVI
221
LXXXVII
226
LXXXVIII
235
XCVII
263
XCVIII
267
XCIX
270
C
271
CI
272
CII
274
CIII
276
CIV
280
CV
283
CVI
285
CVII
287
CVIII
291
CIX
295
CX
299
CXI
300
CXII
301
CXIII
303
CXV
305
CXVI
309
CXVII
311
CXVIII
314
CXIX
319
CXX
322
CXXI
324
CXXIII
327
CXXIV
331
CXXV
336
CXXVI
337
CXXVII
340
CXXVIII
342
CXXIX
344
CXXXI
346
CXXXII
349
CXXXIII
350
CXXXIV
351
CXXXV
352
CXXXVI
355
CXXXVII
358
CXXXVIII
361
CXXXIX
363
CXL
366
CXLI
369
CXLII
373
CXLIV
376
CXLV
378
CXLVI
381
CXLVIII
384
CXLIX
386
CL
390
CLI
397
CLII
399
CLIII
400
CLIV
402
CLV
404
CLVI
407
CLVII
410
CLVIII
412
CLIX
416
CLXI
421
CLXII
422
CLXIII
424
CLXIV
426
CLXV
429
CLXVI
430
CLXVII
431
CLXVIII
433
CLXIX
435
CLXX
438
CLXXI
439
CLXXII
440
CLXXIII
441
CLXXIV
443
CLXXV
461
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