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Salt and Water Balance
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acid-base equilibrium afferent arteriole aldosterone alter alveolar ventilation ammonia amount anions antidiuretic hormone bicarbonate concentration bicarbonate ions blood flow body fluids buffer system carbon dioxide cations cell membrane cellular fluid centration chloride ions clearance collecting ducts concen depends diet dissociation distal convoluted tubules distal tubules effect equation equilibrium potential extracellular fluid fall glomerular filtration rate glucose hydrogen ion concentration hydroxyl ions increase internal environment inulin kidneys litre loops of Henle mechanisms membrane potential metabolism mmol mmol l"1 molecules moles nephrons normal number of hydrogen number of sodium osmotic concentration osmotic pressure PCo2 permeable plasma plasma concentration potassium ions produced protein proximal convoluted tubules proximal tubules ratio reabsorbed reabsorption reduced remains constant renal corpuscles renal medulla renal tubules rise salts secretion Section sodium and potassium sodium chloride sodium ions sodium pump substances tend total number tration tubular cells tubular fluid tubules and collecting urea urine