Local Government in Occupied Europe (1939-1945)
Bruno de Wever, Herman van Goethem, Nico Wouters
Academia Press, 2006 - History - 260 pages
The era of World War II and Nazi-occupation in Europe has been studied from a multitude of different angles. Often neglected is the bottom-up approach, focusing on the local level. Nevertheless, it was there that the confrontation between the (mostly German) occupiers and the occupied population became manifest. Focusing on wartime local experiences, this volume aims to address the following questions: How did the occupier organize its collaboration with local and regional authorities? What tasks did local and regional administrations have to perform? What consequences did different local arrangements have? What was the influence of various ideological choices at the local level?
This volume collects contributions on countries as diverse as Belgium, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Norway, Greece, Belarus, and the Ukraine. Whilst presenting the most up to date research available, this book also serves as an invitation to further study in this hitherto barely explored field.
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ROBERT GILDEA Mediators or Timeservers? Local officials
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Amsterdam Angers appointed areas army arrested August authorities BA-MA BABL Belarus Belgian Belgium Belorussian Berlin central centralised Châteaubriant civil servants collaborating mayors command Communist councils county governors DAHL decree departmental Deutsche Dutch police force elected ethnic Germans executive FK and KK France French Führer Gauleiter German military German occupation German police Greece Greek Hitler hostages HSSPF Indre-et-Loire Interior Jewish Jews June Liberation Luxembourg Maine-et-Loire mayors measures ment military administration Ministry municipal municipal administrations municipal government Nantes National National-Socialist Nazi Nazification Netherlands Nord/Pas-de-Calais Norwegian NS-mayor NSDAP Nyordning October Ordnungspolizei organisation Oslo party People’s percent policemen political population post-war pre-war prefect provincial public order purge Quisling Quisling’s reform regime Reich Reichskommissar Reichskommissariat Reichsreform representatives resistance responsibility self-government September Seyss-Inquart Sicherheitspolizei Sipo-SD Socialist Soviet Stortinget structure territories tion town tribunals Ukraine Ukrainian Vichy villages Wehrmacht