Gloversville, Or, The Model Village: A Poem, with an Appendix, Containing a Succinct History of the Same : Also, Biographical Sketches of Prominent Persons and Notices of Influential Families Whose History is Connected with Its Foundation and Progress (Google eBook)

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W.H. Case, 1859 - Gloversville (N.Y.) - 131 pages
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Page 16 - for to cut the ile'; But by the chymie law affinity The oil gelatinous and alkali Combine, without a figure or a trope, And form the useful product we call soap. A half hour in the stocks the skins being run, The soap washed ont, aud thus the scouring 's done.
Page 15 - Leather prepared from mammal skins. Series of different leathers illustrating the manufacture of gloves : First into vats, low sunken in the ground, The rattling skins are thrown with husky sound, And there for days are suffered to remain, Until the water permeates the grain, And their whole yielding form and texture make Pliant and supple, fitting them to break. Prone o'er the slanting beam the breaker plies, With long two-handled knife, his energies All the adhering flesh to clean away. His is...
Page 15 - In lime- vats next the skins are put to lime ; From one to six weeks is the allotted time. This process, perfected by low degrees, Thickens the skins and smooths the surfaces. Prizing requires the beam and knife again, To shave clean off the cuticle or grain. Parching is used for heavy skins alone. The meaning of the term is drying down ; Not in the fervors of the scorching sun, But in the shade alone,
Page 16 - re softer made and fitted for the mill. Milling in order next succeeds, of course. Placed in the stock, by steam or water force The skins are briskly run six hours or more To supple them and open every pore, Then taken out to air. With oil imbued, Replaced again, and milling is renewed. Each half hour afterward alternately They 're in the stocks or out to air and dry, Until throughout the substance of the skin The oil commingles with the gelatine Or glue, and leaves the other parts together The true...
Page 17 - Perch huug until the ocher's well wrought in And deeply set, producing a soft, mellow, Golden, enduring, inerasive yellow. This buffing named. The process next to bring The manufacture through is finishing. A horizontal shaft, firm overlaid With emery, and by machinery made To turn, elaborates the skin placed on To perfect smoothness, and the work is done.
Page 15 - Prone o'er the slanting beam the breaker plies, With long two-handled knife, his energies All the adhering flesh to clean away. His is the hardest work and poorest pay. Flesh-liming, or the hairing process called, Is next in order and is next installed. • Upon the flesh-side of the broken skin Quick-lime is spread and safely folded in ; Then in the soak or water vat with care T is placed ten days for loosening the hair, And when th« beam and knife again are proved The hairy coat is easily removed.
Page 14 - New York in the years 1868 to 1872, inclusive: " And to give you something of an idea of how these deer-skins are converted into leather ready for cutting into gloves, I will copy a poem written by Horace Spragne in 1859.
Page 17 - The soap washed ont, aud thus the scouring 's done. To soften, to give shape, and natural size, Duly the stacking process next applies. Fast in the perch the pendent skin being placed, Grasped by the hand and firmly shoulder-braced, The arm-stake then is vigorously applied To supple and extend the leathery hide. While the knee-stake is more suitably found Fitted to stretch and smooth the edges round. Ocher with water mixed, when dried enough And into square blocks fashioned, is called buff, Leather...
Page 16 - re in the stocks or out to air and dry, Until throughout the substance of the skin The oil commingles with the gelatine Or glue, and leaves the other parts together The true and genuine product we callleather. The beam and scudding-knife again are plied For scudding on the grain or facial side. The mucous substance or reticular Tissue of the skin is shaved off bare. The process then, to perfect and to crown, Requires a day at most for drying down. Next in lye-liquor vats they're placed awhile, In...
Page 46 - It bore this name till the year 1828, when, on occasion of locating a post office, it was thought advisable to designate it by a more euphonious name, and accordingly, at the suggestion of Jennison Giles and Henry Churchill, the name of the village was changed to that of Gloversville.

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