The Development of Western Civilization: A Study in Ethical, Economic and Political Evolution (Google eBook)

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University of Chicago Press, 1906 - Civilización - 406 pages
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Page 393 - If you can look into the seeds of time, And say, which grain will grow, and which will not, Speak then to me, who neither beg, nor fear, Your favours, nor your hate.
Page 307 - I saw prevailing throughout the Christian world a license in making war of which even barbarous nations would have been ashamed; recourse being had to arms for slight reasons or no reason; and when arms were once taken up, all reverence for divine and human law was thrown away, just as if men were thenceforth authorized to commit all crimes without restraint.
Page 325 - AS it is the power of exchanging that gives occasion to ¿\ the division of labour, so the extent of this division •*~ -*- must always be limited by the extent of that power, or, in other words, by the extent of the market...
Page 97 - ... race, language, manners, over vast and thinly-peopled lands baffled every attempt to maintain their connection: and when once the spell of the great mind was withdrawn, the mutually repellent forces began to work, and the mass dissolved into that chaos out of which it had been...
Page 325 - And thus the certainty of being able to exchange all that surplus part of the produce of his own labour, which is over and above his own consumption, for such parts of the produce of other men's labour as he may have occasion for, encourages every man to apply himself to a particular occupation, and to cultivate and bring to perfection whatever talent or genius he may possess...
Page 8 - West, where the kingship succumbed, was towards a divine aristocracy of many gods, only modified by a weak reminiscence of the old kingship in the not very effective sovereignty of Zeus, while in the East the national god tended to acquire a really monarchic sway. What is often described as the natural tendency of Semitic religion towards ethical monotheism, is in the main nothing more than a consequence of the alliance of religion with monarchy.
Page 150 - The communal organisation of the peasantry is more ancient and more deeply laid than the manorial order. Even the feudal period shows everywhere traces of a peasant class living and working in economically self-dependent communities under the loose authority of a lord whose claims may proceed from political causes and affect the semblance of ownership, but do not give rise to the manorial connexion between estate and village.
Page 51 - ... so deeply had it become permeated by the feeling of a need for knowledge, that each of the religions desired to satisfy not only the feelings but also the intellect, and was therefore anxious to transform its life into a. doctrine. This is true even of Christianity, and indeed precisely true of it. The true, victorious power of the religion of Jesus lay, to be sure, in the fact that it entered this decrepit...
Page 391 - While the great majority of economists refuse to admit that political economy is merely history, the importance and necessity of economic history are now universally conceded. Dr. Keynes classifies the functions of economic history in connection with economic theory as follows: "First, to illustrate and test conclusions not themselves resting on historical evidence ; secondly, to teach the limits of the actual applicability of economic doctrines; thirdly, to afford a basis for the direct attainment...
Page 19 - The formation of this little community was a new thing in the history of religion. Till then no one had dreamed of a fellowship of faith, dissociated from all national forms, maintained without the exercise of ritual services, bound together by faith in the Divine Word alone. It was the birth of a new era in the Old Testament religion, for it was the birth of the conception of the Church, the first step in the emancipation of spiritual religion from the forms of political...

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