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Normalization Principle - Originating in Sweden and Denmark, normalization means making available to all persons with disabilities, patterns of life and conditions of everyday living which are as close as possible to or indeed the same as the regular circumstances and ways of life of society. (Bengt Nirje). Normalization fueled a generation of activists starting in the 70's, including yours truly, inspiring institutional closures and the elimination of segregated schools and services. In North America, Wolf Wolfensberger contributed to the evolution and spread of normalization philosophy which is often called social role valorization.
This is a foundational book in servces for individuals with intellectual disabilities. Do not let the language of the 1970's be off-putting. The concept of ideology, normalization, and other critical ideas drove the creation of community-based services. Dr. Wolfensberger's pioneering work deserves to be read by anyone in the field and anyone entering it. Do so realizing that you would most likely not be involved in community-based services were it not for this man's work, so forget about some of the currently politically incorrect terminology and absorb the ideas that prevade his work.
The concept of deviancy in human management
Societal integration as a corollary of normalization
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