Black Liberation in the Midwest: The Struggle in St. Louis, Missouri, 1964-1970
This book offers a response to the inadequate examination of the Midwest in Civil Rights Movement scholarship - scholarship that continues to ignore the city of St. Louis and the Black liberation struggle that took place there. Jolly examines this local movement and organizations such as the Black Liberators, Mid-City Congress, Jeff Vander Lou Community Action Group, DuBois Club, CORE, Zulu 1200s, and the Nation of Islam to illuminate the larger Black liberation struggle in the Midwest in the mid- and late 1960s. Furthermore, this work details the larger atmosphere and conditions in St. Louis, Missouri and the Midwest from which this local movement developed and operated.
This work raises important questions about periodizing and locating Black liberation and Black Nationalism. As racial oppression in the United States was equated with neo-colonialism and internal-colonialism, this discussion reveals the global nature of white supremacy, race and class oppression and exploitation, as well as the material and ideological relationship between local and transnational liberation movements.
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A Context for Revolution
The St Louis Movement before 1964
The Next Step
CORE and Coalitions in the St Louis Region
The Black Liberators Black Nationalists DuBois Club Jeff Vander Lou Community Action Group Nation of Islam MidCity Congress Zulu 1200s
The Ideological Debate
The War on Poverty and Black Capitalism
activists addition African Ameri African American African American community African American liberation American liberation asserted August Black Capitalism Black liberation movement Black Nationalism Black Nationalists Black Panther Black Panther Party Black Power movement chapter Church city of St city’s civil rights movement Committee Communist concept of Black CORE’s cultural DuBois Club East St Eda Houwink editorial example federal Freedom ghetto goals hiring human rights Ibid included individuals integration interracial cooperation Jefferson Bank campaign larger leaders leadership Louis area Louis Argus Louis CORE Louis Globe Democrat Louis Police Louis Post Dispatch Margaret Dagen Meier ment Militants Missouri Historical Society NAACP Nation of Islam Negro neighborhood nonviolence O’Reilly officers Oldham organizations police brutality political poverty promoted protest race relations racial reported riot School segregation social Specifically Stix tactics tion University of Missouri urban violence War on Poverty Western Historical Manuscripts Zulu