Frequency Standards: Basics and Applications (Google eBook)

Front Cover
John Wiley & Sons, Mar 6, 2006 - Science - 540 pages
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Of all measurement units, frequency is the one that may be determined with the highest degree of accuracy. It equally allows precise measurements of other physical and technical quantities, whenever they can be measured in terms of frequency.
This volume covers the central methods and techniques relevant for frequency standards developed in physics, electronics, quantum electronics, and statistics. After a review of the basic principles, the book looks at the realisation of commonly used components. It then continues with the description and characterisation of important frequency standards from atomic clocks, to frequency stabilised lasers. The whole is rounded of with a discussion of topical applications in engineering, telecommunications, and metrology.

  

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Contents

1 Introduction
1
2 Basics of Frequency Standards
11
3 Characterisation of Amplitude and Frequency Noise
47
4 Macroscopic Frequency References
81
5 Atomic and Molecular Frequency References
117
6 Preparation and Interrogation of Atoms and Molecules
167
7 Caesium Atomic Clocks
203
8 Microwave Frequency Standards
229
10 Iontrap Frequency Standards
315
11 Synthesis and Division of Optical Frequencies
353
12 Time Scales and Time Dissemination
387
13 Technical and Scientific Applications
421
14 To the Limits and Beyond
445
Bibliography
465
Index
521
Copyright

9 Laser Frequency Standards
255

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About the author (2006)

Fritz Riehle received the Ph.D. in physics in 1977 from the Technical University of Karlsruhe. In 1982 he joined the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB), where he was involved in establishing an electron storage ring as a primary radiometric standard source. Since 1987, he has been engaged in the realisation of optical length and frequency standards, high resolution spectroscopy, laser cooling, and atom interferometry. Since 2000 he heads the Optics division of PTB.

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