Advaita and Viśiṣṭādvaita: a study based on Vedānta Deśikā's Śatadūṣani
This book presents a comprehensive exposition of Vedanta Desika`s Satadusani, a polemical classic of Visistadvaita Vedanta, devoted to the criticism of the doctrines of Advaita Vedanta. The thought-provoking arguments found in the Sixty-six Vedas of the original text are brought together, analysed and discussed in a systematic manner under eight broad headings: Pramanas Perception; Consciousness; Individual self; Brahman; Universe; Avidya; Sadhana and Mukti.In presenting the dialectics of Vedanta Desika in a vigorous and scholastic form the author deals with numerous issues that the Vadas raise--epistemological, ontological, religious, and ethical. Thought the issues are many, each discussing a specific problem, they are ultimately directed to refute the central doctrine of Advaita, viz., that Brahman which is pure consciousness devoid of all determinations, constitutes the sole Reality and every thing else is illusory. While carefully tracing the fundamental differences between the two systems of Vedanta, he points out that the differences are mostly due to the difference in the stand-points they adopt.Faithfully conforming to the original in letter and spirit, this work will serve as a useful introduction to the study of the Sribhasya of Ramanuja. A distincy contribution to the study of classical Hindu thought, this book should be of interest to students of Philosophy in general and Vedanta in particular.
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Pramanas and Their Validity
The Nature and Content of Perception
The Nvture of Consciousness
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admitted Advaita Vedanta Advaitin Advaitin's theory ajndna alternative anubhuti apprehended argued arguments attribute avidyd bahuvrihi basis bondage Chapter character characteristics cognisership cognition cognition of difference conflict connotation consciousness contends Vedanta Desika deep sleep defect Devadatta devoid discussion distinction doctrine effect empirical usage entity denoted established eternal existence experience Hence identical illusion illusory immutable indeterminate individual inference issue Isvara jiva karma latter locus logical Madhva manifestation material cause maya mdyd means Mimamsa moksa moon nature of Brahman negation nescience nirguna Brahman nirvisesa non-authoritative non-difference object of knowledge perception Philosophy plurality points position possible prakrti pramanas pratyaksa prior non-existence probans prove Purva-Mimamsa qualified question Ramanuja Reality referring to Brahman refute regarded relation release sacred texts saguna Samkara Satadusani scriptural texts self-luminous shell-silver smrti Sri-bhdsya Sruti study of Vedanta sublated substrate sutras svarupa syllogism term thing universe untenable upalaksana Upanisadic Upanisadic text Vada vadah Vedanta-sutras Visistadvaitin words