Proceedings: ecology and management of annual rangelands

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U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station, 1994 - Cheatgrass brome - 416 pages
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Introductory papers: Symposium introduction: management of semiarid rangelands impacts of annual weeds on resource values; History and use of semiarid plant communities changes in vegetation; Evolution of weedy annuals; Cheatgrass demography establishment attributes, recruitment, ecotypes, and genetic variability; Ecological impacts of cheatgrass and resultant fire on ecosystems in the western great basin; Fire conditions and pre and postoccurrence of annual grasses on the snake river plain; Potential for replacing naturalized weeds in California's annual grasslands with selected mediterranean species: plant exploration and management consderations; The competitive influences of cheatgrass (Bromus tectorum) on site restoration; Fire ecology and Management: Effects of fire on juniper woodland ecosystems in the Great Basin; Cheatgrass dynamics following wildfire on a sagebrush semidesert site in Central Utah; History and applications of the intermountain greenstripping program; Prescribed burning considerations in sagebrush annual grassland communities; Effects of fire on salt desert shrub rangelands; A technical comparison model: class a foam compared to water as an example; Nevada live fuel moisture sampling project implications for fire behavior; Ecology: Management implications of yellow starthistle adaptations in the Pacific Northwest; Pristine vegetation of the Jordan Crater Kipukas: 1978-91; Medusahead: natural successor to the cheatgrass type in the Northern Great Basin; Ecological relationships between yellow satarthistle and cheatgrass; Potential interactions between global change and intermountai annual grasslands; Assessment of biological control of exotic broadleaf weeds in intermountain rangelands; Quantitative variation within and among cheatgrass populations: the role of multiple introductions; Distribution of two exotic grasses on intermountain rangelands: status in 1992; Effects of simulated fall and early spring grazing on cheatgrass and perennial grass in western Nevada; Patterns of annual grass dominance on Anaho Island: implications for Great Basin vegetation management; Great Basin annual vegetation patterns assessed by remote sensing; VA mycorrhizal status of burned and unburned sagebrush habitat; Growth, reproduction, and life history features of fourwing saltbush grown in a common garden; Potential role of soil microoganisms in medusahead invasion; Controlling erosin on lands administered by the bureu of land management, Winnemucca District, Nevada; Resources: Washington State shrub steppe ecosystem studies with emphasis on the relationship between nongame birds and shrub and grass cover densities; Grasshopper community responses to shrub loss, annual grasslands, and crested wheatgrass seedlings: management implications; Resource impacts of cheatgrass and wildfires on public lands and livestock grazing; Displacement of rare plants by exotic grasses; Restoratin: weed control: Potential role of cryptobiotic soil crusts in semiarid rangelands; Biological control of annual grass weeds; Mechanical control of undesirable annuals on the boise front, Idaho; A review of the chemical control of downy brome; Ecological significance of seed banks with special reference to alien annuals; Use of livestock to control cheatgrass a review; Mycorrhizal ecology of shrub steppe habitat; New weedy grasses associated with downy brome; Restoration: seed germination and establishment: Regulation of germination timing in facultatively fall emerging grasses; Water soluble chemistry following simulated burning of soil litter of big sagebrush, squirreltail, cheatgrass, and medusahead; Establishment characteristics of cheatgrass under various wet dry watering sequences; Germination enhancement of perennial grasses native to the intermountain region; Seed use by desert granivores; Temperature profiles for germination of cheatgrass versus native perennial buchgrasses; Germination and establishment ecology of big sagebrush: implications for community restoration; Spiny hopsage seed germination and seedling establishment; Rangeland species germination through 25 and up to 40 years of warehouse storage; Enhanced performance of grass seed by matriconditioning; Reproductive biology of bitterbrush: interaccessional hybridization of plants grown in a common garden; The (certified) seeds of revegetation; Restoration: seedbed preparation and seeding: Effects of polyacrylamide on establishment and growth of crested wheatgrass seedlings and sagebrush tubelings; Factors influencing postfire sagebrush regeneration in south central Idaho; An international approach for selecting seeding sites: a case study; Relating seedbed environmental conditions to seedling establishment; Interseeding and transplanting to enhance species composition; Drill seeding in western Canada; Direct seeding of alfalfa into northern pasture and rangeland; Disk chain diker considerations for sedbed preparation; Decision support systems for restoration and management of annual rangelands.Drills for rangeland sod seeding; Effect of seeding data and furrow opener on forage crop establishment at swift current, Saskatchewan; Disk chain diker operation; Restoration: species utility: Fructan metabolism and cool temperature growth in cheatgrass; Selection for enhanced seedling establishment in cool season range grasses; Perennial forb life history strategies on semiarid rangelands: implications for revegetation; Ecology, distribution, and values of sagebrush within the intermountain region; Role of nitrogen availability in the transition fromn annual dominated to perennial dominated seral communities; Selection of plants for fire suppression on semiarid sites; Woody chenopods useful for rangeland reclamation in western north America; 'Appar' Lewis flax: beauty and wildlife food in on plant; ' Delar'small burnet: an outstanding range forb; Cyperaceae and juncaceae selected low elevation species; ' Goldar' bluebunch wheatgrass: release of a new range plant; Management: Forage yield and quality trends of annual grasses in the Great Basin; Annual rangeland management principles and practices: the California experience; Japanese brome in the northern great plains; Lessons from 5 years of vegetation monitoring on the Nevada test site; Economic factors for consideration in converting annual grasslands to improved rangelands; Can annual rangelands be converted and maintained as perennial grasslands trhough grazing management?; Cheatgrass, livestock, and rangeland.

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Contents

management of semiarid rangelands
3
Stutz Evolution of weedy annuals
9
Billings Ecological impacts of cheatgrass and resultant fire on ecosystems
22

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