Proceedings: ecology and management of annual rangelands
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station, 1994 - Cheatgrass brome - 416 pages
Introductory papers: Symposium introduction: management of semiarid rangelands impacts of annual weeds on resource values; History and use of semiarid plant communities changes in vegetation; Evolution of weedy annuals; Cheatgrass demography establishment attributes, recruitment, ecotypes, and genetic variability; Ecological impacts of cheatgrass and resultant fire on ecosystems in the western great basin; Fire conditions and pre and postoccurrence of annual grasses on the snake river plain; Potential for replacing naturalized weeds in California's annual grasslands with selected mediterranean species: plant exploration and management consderations; The competitive influences of cheatgrass (Bromus tectorum) on site restoration; Fire ecology and Management: Effects of fire on juniper woodland ecosystems in the Great Basin; Cheatgrass dynamics following wildfire on a sagebrush semidesert site in Central Utah; History and applications of the intermountain greenstripping program; Prescribed burning considerations in sagebrush annual grassland communities; Effects of fire on salt desert shrub rangelands; A technical comparison model: class a foam compared to water as an example; Nevada live fuel moisture sampling project implications for fire behavior; Ecology: Management implications of yellow starthistle adaptations in the Pacific Northwest; Pristine vegetation of the Jordan Crater Kipukas: 1978-91; Medusahead: natural successor to the cheatgrass type in the Northern Great Basin; Ecological relationships between yellow satarthistle and cheatgrass; Potential interactions between global change and intermountai annual grasslands; Assessment of biological control of exotic broadleaf weeds in intermountain rangelands; Quantitative variation within and among cheatgrass populations: the role of multiple introductions; Distribution of two exotic grasses on intermountain rangelands: status in 1992; Effects of simulated fall and early spring grazing on cheatgrass and perennial grass in western Nevada; Patterns of annual grass dominance on Anaho Island: implications for Great Basin vegetation management; Great Basin annual vegetation patterns assessed by remote sensing; VA mycorrhizal status of burned and unburned sagebrush habitat; Growth, reproduction, and life history features of fourwing saltbush grown in a common garden; Potential role of soil microoganisms in medusahead invasion; Controlling erosin on lands administered by the bureu of land management, Winnemucca District, Nevada; Resources: Washington State shrub steppe ecosystem studies with emphasis on the relationship between nongame birds and shrub and grass cover densities; Grasshopper community responses to shrub loss, annual grasslands, and crested wheatgrass seedlings: management implications; Resource impacts of cheatgrass and wildfires on public lands and livestock grazing; Displacement of rare plants by exotic grasses; Restoratin: weed control: Potential role of cryptobiotic soil crusts in semiarid rangelands; Biological control of annual grass weeds; Mechanical control of undesirable annuals on the boise front, Idaho; A review of the chemical control of downy brome; Ecological significance of seed banks with special reference to alien annuals; Use of livestock to control cheatgrass a review; Mycorrhizal ecology of shrub steppe habitat; New weedy grasses associated with downy brome; Restoration: seed germination and establishment: Regulation of germination timing in facultatively fall emerging grasses; Water soluble chemistry following simulated burning of soil litter of big sagebrush, squirreltail, cheatgrass, and medusahead; Establishment characteristics of cheatgrass under various wet dry watering sequences; Germination enhancement of perennial grasses native to the intermountain region; Seed use by desert granivores; Temperature profiles for germination of cheatgrass versus native perennial buchgrasses; Germination and establishment ecology of big sagebrush: implications for community restoration; Spiny hopsage seed germination and seedling establishment; Rangeland species germination through 25 and up to 40 years of warehouse storage; Enhanced performance of grass seed by matriconditioning; Reproductive biology of bitterbrush: interaccessional hybridization of plants grown in a common garden; The (certified) seeds of revegetation; Restoration: seedbed preparation and seeding: Effects of polyacrylamide on establishment and growth of crested wheatgrass seedlings and sagebrush tubelings; Factors influencing postfire sagebrush regeneration in south central Idaho; An international approach for selecting seeding sites: a case study; Relating seedbed environmental conditions to seedling establishment; Interseeding and transplanting to enhance species composition; Drill seeding in western Canada; Direct seeding of alfalfa into northern pasture and rangeland; Disk chain diker considerations for sedbed preparation; Decision support systems for restoration and management of annual rangelands.Drills for rangeland sod seeding; Effect of seeding data and furrow opener on forage crop establishment at swift current, Saskatchewan; Disk chain diker operation; Restoration: species utility: Fructan metabolism and cool temperature growth in cheatgrass; Selection for enhanced seedling establishment in cool season range grasses; Perennial forb life history strategies on semiarid rangelands: implications for revegetation; Ecology, distribution, and values of sagebrush within the intermountain region; Role of nitrogen availability in the transition fromn annual dominated to perennial dominated seral communities; Selection of plants for fire suppression on semiarid sites; Woody chenopods useful for rangeland reclamation in western north America; 'Appar' Lewis flax: beauty and wildlife food in on plant; ' Delar'small burnet: an outstanding range forb; Cyperaceae and juncaceae selected low elevation species; ' Goldar' bluebunch wheatgrass: release of a new range plant; Management: Forage yield and quality trends of annual grasses in the Great Basin; Annual rangeland management principles and practices: the California experience; Japanese brome in the northern great plains; Lessons from 5 years of vegetation monitoring on the Nevada test site; Economic factors for consideration in converting annual grasslands to improved rangelands; Can annual rangelands be converted and maintained as perennial grasslands trhough grazing management?; Cheatgrass, livestock, and rangeland.
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management of semiarid rangelands
Stutz Evolution of weedy annuals
Billings Ecological impacts of cheatgrass and resultant fire on ecosystems
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Agropyron Agropyron spicatum annual grass annual grasslands areas Artemisia tridentata Basin biology biomass bluebunch wheatgrass Boise Bromus tectorum buffelgrass Bureau of Land burned cheatgrass cheatgrass Bromus tectorum competition cover crested wheatgrass density Department of Agriculture desert disturbed dominated downy brome Ecology ecosystem effects fire forage forbs Forest Service fructan fuel genetic germination grasslands grazing greenstrip growth habitat herbicides increased Indian ricegrass Intermountain Annual Rangelands Intermountain Research Station invasion Journal of Range Land Management livestock McArthur medusahead ment Monsen native Nevada Ogden percent perennial grasses plant communities plots populations potential production Range Management rangeland reduce root seed bank seedbed seedling establishment semiarid shadscale shrub Snake River Plains soil moisture spiny hopsage spring squirreltail starthistle Symposium on Ecology temperature tion toration of Intermountain transects treatment Tueller U.S. Department Utah vegetation weed western wildfires wildlife wildrye winter yellow starthistle