International migration and liberal democracies: yearbook migration 1999/2000

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Lit Verlag, Sep 1, 2000 - Law - 268 pages
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The study of international migration underscores two principles of the modern world and brings them forward for debate: the sovereignty of the nation state on the one hand; and an open world free of border control and market constraints on the other. This volume views basic concepts of international migration control through a political theory lens. In contrast to pessimistic interpretations of a global migration crisis and a "Fortress Europe" mind-set, the American political scientist James F. Hollifield finds quite the opposite. He emphasizes the liberalization of immigration policies among major democracies throughout North America and Europe.According to Hollifield, the expansion of civil rights and a general international liberalization constitutes the basis for this process. Hollifield explains his rights-based approach by tracing the civil rights revolution in the United States coupled with the impact of the liberal German Grundgesetz (Basic Law) and subsequent European unification. Hollifield asserts that a positive relationship between market orientated democracies and liberal immigration policies do exist and, therefore, contribute to this continued liberalization. The three major questions Hollifield poses centers around control, sovereignty and incorporation. Following Hollifield's analysis, German political scientists Herbert Dittgen and Oliver Schmittke build on this approach utilizing supporting data on the German case. German born Karen Schoenwalder challenges Hollifield's thesis of "republican liberalization" utilizing the British case as she highlights the politics of exclusion in Britain. Karl Markus Kreis illustrates Hollifield's findings by underscoring thedecline of ethnic identity among European immigrants in the United States. Finally, the Turk

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Internationale Migration und freiheitliche Demokratien
The Politics of International Migration
Immigration Control Some Observations on National

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