A theory of citizenship: organizing plurality in contemporary democracies
Does vital citizenship require moral consensus? Or is it the ability to organize our differences, that allows people to live together as citizens in a republic? Whereas liberal, republican, and communitarian theories of citizenship analyzed the conditions of citizenship, the central message of this book is that the practical exercise of citizenship, under conditions that are far from ideal, is the main source of its vitality. Instead of arguing for more participation, it focuses on the citizenship of those who, for whatever reason, are already active in the public sphere. Herman van Gunsteren develops a theory of citizenship well suited to the era of political reform that was inaugurated by the revolutions of 1989.
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Plurality in The Unknown Society
Deep Groups Under a Multicultural Surface
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accepted access to citizenship activities admission become Benjamin Barber calculating choice citi civic responsibility civil society classical republicanism cocitizens communitarian community of fate competence conception of citizenship conflicts consensus constitutional context cultural facts democratic develop differences Dutch European parliament European Union exclusion exercise of citizenship experience freedom given groups homosexual identity individuals institutions interac interaction involved lack liberal democracies live longer loyalty Maastricht treaty means ment moral multiple citizenship nation-state nationalism neorepublican citizenship Netherlands normal norms notion of citizenship one's ordinary citizens organization of plurality organizing plurality participation parties person political equality politicians position practice principle problems public office public sphere public-political question regimes relations repertoire representation republic role rules self-evident situations slavery social social equality theories of citizenship third age tion totalitarian democracy unity Vaclav Havel values vitality of citizenship zens zenship