Redefining Regional French: Koinéization and Dialect Levelling in Northern France
Legenda, Jan 1, 2006 - Foreign Language Study - 162 pages
This study challenges the orthodox view that emergent regional varieties of French represent no more than an ephemeral dialect residue of little theoretical interest. It follows the life cycle of an obsolescent urban Picard variety, spoken in a mining town in the Pas-de-Calais, and attempts to unravel the complex reasons behind the survival of some local variants at the expense of others. Applying a sociolinguistic model developed by Peter Trudgill, it shows how the processes of levelling and simplification have driven change in a dialect contact situation, giving rise to a new, stable variety or koine. This is compared with other new urban varieties in Sweden and the UK, where different economic, social and demographic conditions have produced very different linguistic outcomes. The emergence of Regional French in the north, it is argued, may herald the start of a new diversification of French in Europe. This book will therefore interest both students of French and of language variation more generally.
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The Rise and Fall of Dialects in France
Sources of Variation in the Bassin minier
Variation and Change in the Bassin minier
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accent ALEP allophone appears Avion Avion data Avionnais bassin minier Burtrask c'est C'EST-D CA-D Carton Chapter co-occurrence code-switching COND-S consonant context conurbations D-forms D-score D-variants dedialectalization dialect levelling Dialectal French diffusion DISJ-D distinct ELLE-D emergence evidence example favoured feminine Flutre FPOSS-S francais populaire francais regional France francien Gadet geolinguistically groups hypercorrections IMPF-D informants Kerswill & Williams koineization LA-D LA-S Landrecies language death langue d'oil Lateur learnable levelling lexemes lexical lexicon linguistic linguistique macrovariable marked marker Milton Keynes morphological variables MPOSS MPOSS-D nasal vowel national language non-standard Nord Nord department Nord-Pas-de-Calais norms northern obsolescent occur Parisian parler Pas-de-Calais patois phonetic phonological Picard area Pooley population prevocalic pronoun Regional French Roubaix schwa scores sequences SF equivalents simplification social speech standard suggests Table Thelander Thelander's tokens town Trudgill Trudgill's urban users variants varieties velarization verb vernacular vowel WFCD word-final working-class younger speakers