Nutrition Study Guide for Smartphones and Mobile Devices

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MobileReference, Jan 1, 2007 - Medical - 787 pages
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Nutrition Study Guide Audience: Intended for everyone interested in nutrition, particularly undergraduate and graduate life science students, medical students, nursing, and dental students. FEATURES: - Detailed description of classes on nutrients: carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins - Description of essential fatty acids and amino acids - Detailed description of vitamins and minerals. - Anatomical diagrams - Guidelines for nutrient consumption - BMI, Body fat, and BMR calculations - Diets and exercise TABLE OF CONTENTS: Nutrition: History * Nutrients * Amino acids * Vitamins * Fatty acids * Sugars * Intestinal bacterial flora * Phytochemicals * Longevity * Heart disease * Industry Carbohydrates: Monosaccharides * Sugar * Disaccharide * Oligosaccharide * Polysaccharide * Starch * Glycogen * Gluconeogenesis Lipids (fats): Fatty Acids * Fatty Acid Degradation * Fatty Acid Synthesis * Triglyceride * Waxes * Phospholipids * Cholesterol * Essential fatty acids Lipoproteins: Chylomicron * HDL * LDL * IDL * VLDL * Lp(a) Types of Fat in Food: Saturated fat * Unsaturated fat: Monounsaturated fat * Polyunsaturated fat * Trans fats Proteins: Amino acid * Peptide * Primary structure * Secondary structure * Tertiary structure * Protein folding * Protein Degradation * List of Standard Amino Acids * Essential amino acids Essential nutrients: Vitamins * Minerals * Essential fatty acids * Essential amino acids Vitamins: History * Human vitamins * Nutrition * Deficiencies * Overdose * Supplements * Nomenclature * Phytochemicals Water soluble: Thiamin (B1) * Riboflavin (B2) * Niacin (B3) * Pantothenic acid (B5) * Pyridoxine (B6) * Biotin (B7 or H) * Folic acid (B9) * Cyanocobalamin (B12) * Choline * Ascorbic acid (C) Fat soluble: Retinoids (A) * Ergocalciferol and Cholecalciferol (D) * Tocopherol (E) * Naphthoquinone (K) Minerals: Bulk * Trace * Food sources Guidelines for Nutrient Consumption: Calorie * Traditional Food Pyramid * MyPyramid * Serving size * Reference Daily Intake * Dietary Reference Intake * Food labeling * Nutritional Facts Panel Body Weight: BMI * Body fat percentage * Basal metabolic rate * Obesity Appetite: Regulation * Effector * Sensor * Role in disease * Pharmacology * Appetite suppressant Dieting: Types * History * Thermoregulation * Exercise * Fat loss versus muscle loss * Energy obtained from food * Proper nutrition * How the body gets rid of fat * Psychological aspects * Weight loss groups Popular diets: Low-fat * Atkins (low-carbohydrate) * Natural * Vegetarian * Very Low Calorie Dangers: Diet pills * Yo-yo dieting * Dangers of fasting * Side effects Veganism: Definition * Motivations * Cuisine * Health effects Vegetarianism: Terminology * Diet * History * Motivations * Health effects * Demographics * Nutrition Exercise: Benefits * Common myths * Targeted fat reduction * Muscle and fat tissue * Abdominal muscles * Excessive exercise * Activities * Categories * Breathing Food allergy: Signs and symptoms * Eczema * The Big Eight * Diagnosis * Pathophysiology * Causes * Treatment * Statistics * Differing views * In children * Labeling laws Digestive System Anatomy: Mouth * Pharynx * Esophagus * Stomach * Pancreas * Gallbladder * Liver * Small intestine * Duodenum * Jejunum * Ileum * Colon (large intestine) * Rectum * Anus Digestion Physiology: Oral cavity * Stomach * Small intestine * Large intestine * Significance of pH * Hormones * Chemistry

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