Why So Slow?: The Advancement of Women

Front Cover
MIT Press, 1999 - Social Science - 401 pages
4 Reviews

Why do so few women occupy positions of power and prestige? Virginia Valian uses concepts and data from psychology, sociology, economics, and biology to explain the disparity in the professional advancement of men and women. According to Valian, men and women alike have implicit hypotheses about gender differences -- gender schemas -- that create small sex differences in characteristics, behaviors, perceptions, and evaluations of men and women. Those small imbalances accumulate to advantage men and disadvantage women. The most important consequence of gender schemas for professional life is that men tend to be overrated and women underrated.

Valian's goal is to make the invisible factors that retard women's progress visible, so that fair treatment of men and women will be possible. The book makes its case with experimental and observational data from laboratory and field studies of children and adults, and with statistical documentation on men and women in the professions. The many anecdotal examples throughout provide a lively counterpoint.

  

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LibraryThing Review

User Review  - angharad_reads - LibraryThing

I'm enjoying this book (I'm about halfway through now), but I can't help thinking how obvious it all is. Obviously, people have subconscious prejudices causing them to treat children and adults of ... Read full review

Review: Why So Slow?: The Advancement of Women

User Review  - Heron - Goodreads

Great book - pretty depressing though. No women in upper levels of professionalism or academia and the only way to fix it is to be super duper careful about gender schemas. Yay! Read full review

Contents

Gender Schemas at Work
1
Gender Beginsand Continuesat Home
23
Learning About Gender
47
Biology and Behavior
67
Biology and Cognition
81
Schemas That Explain Behavior
103
Evaluating Women and Men
125
Effects on the Self
145
Women in Academia
217
Professional Performance and Human Values
251
Affirmative Action and the Law
277
Remedies
303
Notes
333
References
353
Author Index
385
Subject Index
393

Interpreting Success and Failure
167
Women in the Professions
187

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About the author (1999)

Valiah is Professor of Psychology and Linguistics at Hunter College and the CUNY Graduate Center.

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