War, Democracy and Culture in Classical Athens
David M. Pritchard
Cambridge University Press, Dec 23, 2010 - History - 460 pages
Athens is famous for its direct democracy and its innovative culture. Not widely known is its contemporaneous military revolution. Athens invented or perfected new forms of combat, strategy and military organisation and was directly responsible for raising the scale of Greek warfare to a different order of magnitude. The timing of this revolution is striking: it followed directly the popular uprising of 508 BC and coincided with the flowering of Athenian culture, which was largely brought about by democracy. This raises the intriguing possibility that popular government was one of the major causes of Athenian military success. Ancient writers may have thought as much, but the traditional assumptions of ancient historians and political scientists have meant that the impact of democracy on war has received almost no scholarly attention. This volume brings together ancient historians, archaeologists, classicists and political scientists to explore this important but neglected problem from multiple perspectives.
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1 The symbiosis between democracy and war the case of ancient Athens
Part I The impact of democracy on war
Part II Military innovations of the democracy
Part III The fifthcentury drama of war
Part IV War in fourthcentury speeches
action Aeschines agōn ancient Apollodorus archers aretē argued Aristophanes armed assembly Athenian democracy Athenian dēmos Athenian military Attic red-figured audience Balot battle Beazley Archive Database burial campaigns cavalry chapter by David citizens city’s civic classical Athens comedy commemoration contemporary context Corinthian Corinthian War courage culture David Pritchard dead soldiers death democratic Demosthenes Dexileos discussion elite epitaphioi epitaphios Euripides evidence example fifth century fight figure fought fourth century funeral oration funerary Gabrielsen Greece Greek Hansen Heracles Herodotus hoplite ideology IG I3 Kerameikos law-court lekythoi light troops light-armed lists Loraux Lysias Menex monuments Museum naval oinochoē Painter peace Peloponnesian Peloponnesian League Peloponnesian War peltasts Pericles Persian play Plut political Polyaenus praise Pritchard 1999a Raaflaub red-figured reforms representative democracy role social Spartans speech Spence stele strategy suggests Theseus Thuc Thucydides tomb tragedy trireme vase victory violence volume warfare Wees