Observation and Experiment in the Natural and Social Sciences
Maria Carla Galavotti
Springer, Apr 30, 2003 - Philosophy - 345 pages
Traditionally, philosophers of science have distinguished between a "context of justification" and a "context of discovery". Only the first was conceived as the proper field of application of philosophy of science, while the second was regarded as concerning scientists, not philosophers. Recently it was admitted that the context of justification forms a continuum with the context of discovery, and as a result observation and experimentation have become an important field of inquiry. The present volume is meant as a contribution to the ongoing debate on this topic. This volume is meant for researchers and advanced students in Philosophy of Science, and for natural and social scientists interested in foundational topics. It combines the viewpoint of philosophers and scientists and casts a new interdisciplinary perspective on the problem of observation and experimentation. It spans a wide range of disciplines, including physics, economics and psychology.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
PAOLO LEGRENZI Naïve Probability
LÀSZLÓ SZABÓ From Theory to Experiments and Back Again
REINHARD SELTEN Emergence and Future of Experimental
WENCESLAO GONZALEZ Rationality in Experimental
ROBERTO SCAZZIERI Experiments Heuristics and Social
GERD GIGERENZER Where Do New Ideas Come From?
DAVID PAPINEAU Comments on Gerd Gigerenzer 141
JEANNE PEIJNENBURG On the Concept of Discovery
DONALD GILLIES Some Comments on Styles
DAVID ATKINSON Experiments and Thought Experiments
DANIEL ANDLER The Advantage of Theft over Honest Toil
MICHAEL STÖLTZNER The Dynamics of Thought Experiments
GIORA HON An Attempt at a Philosophy of Experiment
RAFFAELLA CAMPANER An Attempt at a Philosophy
COLIN HOWSON Bayesian Evidence
IGOR DOUVEN On Bayesian Logic Comments on Colin Howson
Other editions - View all
2003 Kluwer Academic argument Aristotelian assumptions Atkinson Bacon Bayesian behavior bodies bounded rationality brain Cambridge causal century chemical chemistry chemists cognitive concepts conditionalisation context of discovery correlations empirical epistemic epistemological EPR thought experiment example experimental analysis experimental cultures experimental economics experimental error experimental marks fact Galileo Galileo’s thought experiment Gigerenzer gravitational heuristic hidden variable Hon’s Howson human ibid ideas idols inductive inequalities inference inferential statistics interpretation ISBN justification Klein knowledge laboratory logic Logic Theorist M.C. Galavotti mathematical means mental models metaphor method methodological mind notion null hypothesis ofScience paper philosophy of experiment philosophy of science physical possible practice principle probabilistic probability probability axioms problem psychology quantum mechanics R.S. Cohen random variables real experiments reason scientists Selten semantics sentences Simon statistician strategies string theory structure Studies style of experimental Suppes theoretical tools-to-theories heuristic University Press