Historical Geography of Crop Plants: A Select Roster
Historical Geography of Crop Plants is devoted to a variety of staple and food crops, as well as fodder, fiber, timber, rubber, and other crops. The origins and histories of many of these crops have been clarified only recently by new research. The book has been arranged alphabetically by family and higher taxa for easy reference. Within families, species and cultivars are listed chronologically and geographically. The taxonomy and geography of probable wild progenitors have been outlined, and archeological evidence (when available) and historical evidence on region and domestication are traced. The subsequent evolution and spread of many domesticated species are examined, and the reasons behind the diversity in crop histories are explored. Historical Geography of Crop Plants will be a useful reference for botanists, economic botanists, ethnobiologists, agronomists, geographers, and others interested in the subject.
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GYMNOSPERMS CONIFERS AND ALLIES
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS
19th century Africa agriculture ancient Andean arabica Arawak archaeological record bananas barley beans became began Brazil breeding cacao California cashew China climate clones coast coffee colonies commercial cotton crop cultigen cultivars cultivation developed diploid dispersal diversity domesticated early East Indies eastern North America edible Europe European evidently export farmers flowers forest fruit gardens genera genes genetic grafting grain grape growing grown habitats harvest Hevea hexaploid highlands Hispaniola hybrid important Indian inflorescences introduced irrigation islands landraces late 19th century legume mainly maize manioc Mexican Mexico Monterey pine mutations native Neolithic North America northern numbers orchards Pacific palms pejibaye Peru pine plantations planting pollination polyploid populations Portuguese prehistoric probably produced propagated quinoa regions rice seed seedlings selection South southern Spain Spaniards Spanish spread staple sugar cane sugi sweet potato taro teosinte tetraploid trees tropical tubers varieties vegetable West wheat widely wild progenitor wild species wine World yields