Power, justice, and the environment: a critical appraisal of the environmental justice movement
For almost 30 years, the environmental justice movement (EJM) has challenged the environmental and health inequities that are often linked with social inequities, calling attention to the disproportionate burden of pollution borne by low-income and minority communities. The successes of the movement have been celebrated, and the EJM's impact on the direction of environmental policy, research, and activism is widely acknowledged. But the literature on environmental justice lacks a real assessment of the movement's effectiveness. This book provides just such a critical appraisal, examining EJM's tactics and strategies, rhetoric, organizational structure, and resource base. With chapters by both scholars and activists, the book links theory and practice with the aim of contributing to a more effective movement.
Power, Justice, and the Environment looks first at the progress, failures, and successes of the EJM over the years, and includes a comparison of EJM with the Civil Rights movement that draws some provocative conclusions. The book next focuses on the development of new strategies and cultural perspectives, considering, among other topics, alternative models for community mobilization and organizational structure. Finally, the book examines the effect of globalization on environmental inequality and how the environmental justice movement can address transnational environmental injustices.
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A Brief Comparison of the Civil Rights Movement and
Mission Impossible? Environmental Justice Activists Collaborations
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achieve action activism African-American agencies agricultural air pollution asthma autonomy Barrio Logan Brulle building Bullard campaigns challenge civil rights coalition collaborations communities of color comprehensive approach corporate create cultural democratic discourse discrimination ecological economic EJM activists energy envi environ environmental jus environmental justice issues environmental justice movement environmental justice organizations environmental movement environmental racism example Executive Order 12898 federal focus focused funding Global Response global South goals grassroots Ibid impact implementation indigenous industrial inequalities injustice institutions land leadership Maya Biosphere Reserve ment mental justice mobilization munity neighborhood networks percent political power plants problem professional environmentalists programs public health racial ReGenesis residents role ronmental justice scholars Sierra Club siting social justice social movement South Africa strategies structure struggle success Superfund sustainable development tactics tice tion toxic United urban Warren County