The Best Transportation System in the World: Railroads, Trucks, Airlines, and American Public Policy in the Twentieth Century

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Ohio State University Press, Jan 1, 2006 - History - 318 pages
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"From 1920 to the mid-1990s, American transportation in the form of railroads, trucks, and airlines was simply a creature of politics and public policy. In brief, the markets for rail, truck, and airlines were not natural entities, but had been created through hard-fought political contests, full-time lobbying, and unceasing litigation. Between 1940 and the late 1970s, moreover, leaders of rail, truck, and airline firms lobbied and litigated to protect the workings of this regulatory regime." "In the mid-1950s, President Eisenhower asked Congress to award railroad executives authority to modify prices and service. Eisenhower was concerned about a railroad industry in decline. During the 1960s, President Johnson sought broad deregulation of rail, trucks, and airline firms. Johnson wanted another device to "fine tune" the economy. In the 1970s, Presidents Nixon, Ford, and Carter sought to deregulate transportation with a view toward reversing "stagflation." Between 1978 and 1980, Congress and President Carter approved deregulation of airlines, trucking, and railroads. Carter aide Mary Schuman played a crucial role in bringing about airline deregulation. For all the market talk that surrounded transportation politics before and after 1980, however, officials of the American state had been and remained the principal agents creating those markets."--BOOK JACKET.
  

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Contents

Seeking a New Regulatory Regime in Transportation Railroad Consolidation in the 1920s
1
The New Transportation Problem The Politics of Transportation Coordination 19251940
30
Constructing Commercial Aviation 19441973
76
RunUp to Deregulation Surface Transportation 19491970
97
Transportation in a Presidential Nation
134
Richard M Nixon and Planning for Deregulation 19701974
151
Gerald R Ford and Presidential Deregulation 19741977
166
Jimmy Carter and Deregulation of the Best Transportation System in the World 19771980
185
The American State and Transportation 19801995
212
Notes
241
Index
301
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About the author (2006)

Mark H. Rose is Professor of History at Florida Atlantic University. He is the author of Interstate: Express Highway Politics, 1939-1989 (1992) and the co-author of Energy and Transport: Historical Perspectives on Policy Issues (1982).

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